According to the author, te constructed racial discrimination helped the Europeans to control the continent (Graves 123). He presents a strong concept against biological arguments concerning racial discrimination because of genetic factors. Gaves mainly points out social factors that contribute to racial discrimination, ad he believes that only two percent of genetic interferences can contribute to genetic difference (124). Gave also questions the concept that there are genetic specific drugs for specific racial group used to reduce disparities in health related issues, tough Graves’ voice on this matter is the marginal group of individual.
H presents questions concerning how racism has gathered much of the mass media attention. H also shows how people from the domineering group like the whites, ued ethnic group to defend actions and statements controlling the political, eonomic, halth, scial and educational developments of people from their ethnic background. Gaves felt that by understanding historical events, oe will be in a position to handle racial discrimination within the society and how it fueled huge injustices (125). A a strength, te book presents the difference health in the United States can be associated with environmental factors instead of genetic differences among the citizens.
According to Graves, ffty three percent of waste materials are dumped next to African American residents and chances of these people moving out of place are minimal because of racial discrimination. Tis environment in turn affects their well-being contributing to health difference between the Europeans and the African American residents. Te text cannot be considered an exclusively valued text mainly because it is full of repetition. Hwever, te book has chapters are important despite repetition in the text.
Fr example, i one section he emphasizes on how questionable the concept race is explained. Te major weakness identified is that the book did not explain further how social construct contributed to the wide spread of health disparities within the American society. Hwever, te book can be used to explain how concept of racial discrimination can increase discrimination among the African American citizens, wich in turn affects their well- being. Fndings in the book can help people understand that, rcial discrimination can to behaviors like violence and physical abuse.
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