All of the above became really essential in the aftermath of industrial and technological boom in the last two centuries, oe that came at a great price of serious depletion of natural sources and a serious worries about the future of our planet. I its nutshell, Gographic approach is just like any scientific, aalytical method. I calls for several steps, al of which are necessary in obtaining an end result that is scientifically tested and valuable. Te approach should start with asking a question, mre precisely with framing from o geographically based perspective.
Tis step must define the issue as accurately as possible. Te process should continue with acquiring, eamining and analyzing data needed, te longest phase which requires determining what kind of data is needed, were the data could be found and if there is a need for more of it. Te process should end with a plan of action. I this regard, gographic approach is no different from the traditional view of positivism which holds that the scientific method is the best approach to uncovering by which both physical and human events occur.
(ohen and Maldonado, 2007) Positivism itself has been a predominant way of thinking since the ancient Greeks, athough it is often said that the concept was fully developed and described by a French philosopher and sociologist Auguste Comte. (ociology Guide) Its main assertion is that sense experience and positive verification are two only sources of any authentic knowledge. Te concept leans on assumptions and beliefs that the goal of any inquiry is to explain, tat scientific knowledge is testable, tat should deductive by nature and, fnally, tat science and common sense do not mix.
(alfpenny, 1982) The Comte’s original concept was later built on by Emile Durkheim who is regarded as a founder of social research, ad soon after, bth become objects of criticism, searheaded by a German sociologist Max Weber. Hstorically, psitivism has been criticized for its universalism, fr contending that all "processes are reducible to physiological, pysical or chemical events, "that "social processes are reducible to relationships between and actions of individuals, "and that organisms are to physical systems.
"(Bullock and Trombley, 1999) The criticism persists today and in our modern times even positivists themselves are aware of flaws in the concept. I most recent years positivism. ..
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