The process should end with a plan of action. In this regard, geographic approach is no different from the traditional view of positivism which holds that the scientific method is the best approach to uncovering the processes by which both physical and human events occur.(Cohen and Maldonado, 2007) Positivism itself has been a predominant way of thinking since the ancient Greeks, although it is often said that the concept was fully developed and described by a French philosopher and sociologist Auguste Comte.(Sociology Guide) Its main assertion is that sense experience and positive verification are two only sources of any authentic knowledge. The concept leans on assumptions and beliefs that the goal of any inquiry is to explain, that scientific knowledge is testable, that research should be deductive by nature and, finally, that science and common sense do not mix. (Halfpenny,1982) The Comte’s original concept was later built on by Emile Durkheim who is regarded as a founder of social research, and soon after, both become objects of criticism, spearheaded by a German sociologist Max Weber. Historically, positivism has been criticized for its universalism, for contending that all "processes are reducible to physiological, physical or chemical events," that "social processes are reducible to relationships between and actions of individuals," and that "biological organisms are reducible to physical systems." (Bullock and Trombley,1999) The criticism persists today and in our modern times even positivists themselves are aware of flaws in the concept. In most recent years positivism. Quantitative Geography.
Fotheringham, S., Brunsdon, C.: “Quantitative Geography: Perspectives on Spatial Analysis.” London, 2000: Sage Publications
GIS website. Available at www.gis.com Retrieved on 24 November 2010.
Hunter, L., Leahey, E. 2008. "Collaborative Research in Sociology: Trends and Contributing Factors". American Sociologist 39
Cohen, L., Maldonado, A. (2007). "Research Methods In Education". British Journal of Educational Studies (Routledge) 55: 9.
Sociology Guide. Available at www.sociologyguide.com. Accessed 24 November 2010 from http://www.sociologyguide.com/thinkers/Auguste-Comte.php
Bullock, A., and Trombley, S. “ The Fontana Dictionary of Modern Thought”. London: Harper-Collins, 1999
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