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A response to an article The Myth of Language Universals by Evans and Levinson 2009

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Evans and Levinson (2009), eplore some of the linguistic diversity extensively neglected by cognitive scientists. I their opinion, i is possible to structure different languages at diverse levels. I is important to structure it into phonetics, ponology, mrphology, sntax, ad semantics. Sructuring languages aids the understanding of the extent of ambiguity in claims that languages are universal. O language diversity, Eans and Levinson (2009), pove that cognitive scientists are insensible of its extent. Tey note that cognitive scientists cannot prove the presence of substantive universals across languages. Tis is insensible of the degree of language diversity in the entire world.

Sch insensibility distorts their claims of perfect research and findings. Evans and Levinson (2009), hghlight counter-arguments against claims that every language possesses substantive universals. Agument by Evans and Levinson (2009), pint at the degree of insensibility to language diversity among cognitive scientists as a key setback in defending their argument. Nteworthy, i is either not mandatory for languages to have constituent structures or fixed arrangement of elements. Lnguages also have distinct semantic systems. Tere are an estimated seven spoken today, gobally.

Eans and Levinson highlight an estimate of between five and eight thousand active languages used on a global scale. I is worth noting that there are outstanding differences in dialect among all these various languages. Dversity in language is evident across dimensions. Frst, lnguages show variations in sound inventories with some languages lacking sound systems. Scond, te assumption that languages have commonalities of syllables and the consonant-vowel universal is misleading. Vriations in word organizations as Evans and Levinson (2009), pove also enhance their argument against of grammar.

Tey prove that not all languages organize their sounds into strings that create alteration of vowels and consonants. Coss-linguistic evidence shows not syntax and word-classes universals as most linguists claim (Evans & Levinson, 2009). Te two authors counter the assumption that the four major word-classes are evident in all languages. Te main word-classes include nouns, vrbs, ajectives and adverbs. Tere is a.. .

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