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It is a subjective and open-ended in nature, unlike quantitative research. The methods of collecting information involve in-depth interviews, focus group meeting and questionnaire surveys. Participants of the interviews or focused group meetings respond to general questions and the interviewer probes and analyses their responses so as to identify and assess individual feelings, perceptions and opinions about the subject matter, thereby determining the degree of agreement or disagreement that exists in a group. The quality of findings depends directly on skills and experience of the interviewer. It is less costly and is more effective than surveys, given that responses are directly seen and analysed (Meuser and Löschper, 2002). The process of objectively specifying the significance of a term implies moving from an abstract concept to a concrete and measurable term. Criminology is a very interdisciplinary subject drawing its conclusions from a wide array of disciplines, which is why conceptualisation of a crime or a criminal can vary widely from one person to another and cover a substantial amount of theoretical ground with differing perspectives. Hence, it is very important to understand ways in which a crime and a criminal is conceptualised.For example, a study by Kruttschnitt and Carbone Lopez (2006, p 344), related to women involved in violent crime, had dealt with concepts such as, women’s “identities as partners or mothers” and “perceived threats to their status as a good mother or a faithful partner”. The gender-identity related conceptual subjects had to be measured and consequently, the researchers conducted in-depth interviews. During these interviews, the participating women described their gender-identities and alleged threats to the same from own perspectives. The researchers incorporated conceptual definitions of gender towards a person’s subjective experience of being a particular gender (Martin, Cohen and Champion, 2013). Correlation is defined as the degree and type of relationship existing between two or more variables over a period. A positive correlation exists when the values of a variable are associated with that of other, implying that with rise or fall in the values of one variable, that of the other variable will react similarly. A negative correlation is a lack of association between the values of two
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  • Pages: 4 (1000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Sociology
  • Level: Undergraduate
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