To explain depression using a connectivist approach that uses information about different possible causes for a depressive episode as input nodes to an explanation of the individual’s symptoms and intensity of the condition. The theory also uses this model to suggest the utility of different treatment options so that it may become possible to choose the most appropriate treatment, ad thus increase the chances of success (Tanti & Belzung, 2010). Dpression is not uniformly manifest across individuals, ad can differ in its severity, prticular symptoms and duration (Tennant, 2002).
symptoms of depression include depressed mood, rduced pleasure in objects and activities, canges in weight and sleep duration, ftigue, lck of concentration, felings of lack of worth and suicidal thoughts(Kessler et al, 2005). Acording to the DSM IV, a least five of these symptoms need to be present for a period of two weeks for a diagnosis of a Major Depressive Episode (Robbins, 2008). Wile some individuals experience relatively low intensity symptoms, rspond to medication and recover quickly(Monroe, Savich & Georgiades, 2008); ohers may exhibit severe symptoms and may respond well to mediation of other forms of therapy(Monroe, Savich & Georgiades, 2008).
Sme individuals have a single episode, wile others are susceptible to relapse and re-occurrence (Tennant, 2002). Idividuals who have had one episode of depression are at 60% risk for a second episode, wth the likelihood of reoccurrence increasing with each episode. Rsearch into the causes of Depression have identified stress as an important factor that affects the likelihood of the onset of depression (Hammen, 2005), a well as the likelihood of recovery from an episode of (Monroe, Savich & Georgiades, 2008).
Acording to research findings, sress does play an important role in the incidence and treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (Tennant, 2002). Sress seems to play a causative role in depressive symptoms in different ways. Prticularly stressful situations like an Acute stressful situation have been found to precede an episode of depression (Tennant, 2002). Tese Acute Events include any event that suddenly changes the stress experienced by the individual in some manner (Monroe, Savich & Georgiades, 2008). Tese events may include loss of a loved wrk related events, mving from one place to another, ad even positive events like marriage, cild-birth and children...
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