This is how a decision was reached to build a plant near the River. Te River Colombia played an important role in cooling of the turbines and this ensured efficient production of atomic bombs. Te river was also selected because production of the bombs required a reliable supply of electricity something that River Colombia would provide very well. Acording to the author, te US was under intense pressure to build an atomic bomb as a way of protection and ending World War II. Te US was determined to remain super power and hence the rush to make the atomic bomb.
I is for this reason that the atomic bomb dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki were all as a result of the Manhattan Project. Te atomic bombs that staged a cold war between Soviet Union and the US were also products of the Manhattan project. Te river that was a host to most salmons and many species of anadromous fish is now one of the most contaminated nuclear sites in the US. I is estimated that the manufacture of weapons meant for the cold war led 53 million US gallons of high level radioactive wastes.
I addition to this, te Manhattan project also left 25 million cubic feet of solid radioactive waste at approximately 520 km2 of contaminated ground water beneath the site. Te decision to use the river as a coolant of the plant was a big mistake. Tis is because it led to a lot of negative effects on flora and fauna in the river. Wen the nuclear reactors began operating approximately 70,000 gallons of water the reactor per minute from the Colombia River.
Tis water flowed through the tubes and their temperatures would be elevated from one step to another. Te water would later be discharged from the river as a mixture of atomic bomb solution and under high temperatures. Wen this water finds its way back to the river it would raise the temperatures of the river (Groves). Tis interfered with the aquatic life and consequently led to the death and migration of the flora and fauna. Mreover, te atomic bomb solution led mutations and consequent deaths of most aquatic plants since most of their cells were killed from the effect of the nuclear reactors.
De to the high effects of the corrosive chemicals from the plant, mst of the water pipes were coated using chromium. Cromium is an unstable metal which causes cancer when it finds its way to an animal’s digestive system. Tis also caused negative effects for the people...
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