Instead, the Battle of Normandy had been weeks of hard-fought virtual deadlock followed by a sudden German collapse resulting in the Falaise pocket (Robert 1994, 89).The very bulk of this victory was Montgomery’s collapse. Success in Normandy had depended on cooperation between various Allied members and services. Now, with the unexpected annihilation of Army Group B, many on both side believed that history was repeating itself, and that August 1944 in France was August 1918 once more, with Germany nearly defeated and bound to surrender before the year ended. Senior Allied commanders, trained to regard a successful war as just one episode in their developing careers, began to display candidly the self-interest and concern for their own futures they had kept buried during the battle (Robert 1994, 89).After some delay, Eisenhower was ready to take over the command from Montgomery on September 1, establishing SHAEF Headquarters at Granville in Western Normandy. On August 13, as Army Group B’s hold was being completed, Montgomery first raised with Eisenhower the idea of changing Allied strategy to a ‘single thrust’ advance by his own 21st Army Group, supported by First US army under Major General Courtney Hodges, through northern France and Low Countries and into Germany (Middlebrook 1995, 115). Market-Garden Operation Failure.
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