To certain extent support from politicians or other higher authority has enhanced the growth of organized crime. They possess capability in terms of infiltrating legal economic structure and diluting law enforcement measures. There are four important elements surrounding this topic – illegal markets, government, organized crime, and society. Power varies throughout the structure of organized crime. The four elements are inter-related and it contributes towards the emergence of organized crime. There are three types of organizational structure in the context of organized crime. They are patron-client networks, corporate or operations, and street or youth gangs.
Fluid interactions determine the patron-client networks. This structure indicates organized crime is performed in smaller units. Hierarchies are based on cultural or social traditions. Personalized activities are usually taken into consideration such as territorial disputes, training imparted to family members or any form of family rivalries. As per Bachman and Schutt, organizational structure portrays rule enforcement or communication mechanisms. Decision-making approach and criminal involvement are also dependent on such form of structure. Corporate or bureaucratic groups of organized crime are characterized by internal rigidity.
This structure encompasses a complex framework, extensive labor division amongst classes, meritocratic, follows top-down communication approach, responsibilities exhibited in an impersonal manner and extensive regulations incorporated in the structure. Youth gangs are commonly witnessed in recent scenario. This kind of gang has clear hierarchical structure along with proper leadership approach. Street gangs are involved mainly in drug dealing. Gangs are also regarded as formal rational organizational structure. Drug dealing is stated to be a preferred medium for earning money by youth gangs. Vertical integration mechanism is followed by and youth gangs.
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