Modern individual can apply their “inner morality” in making their decisions about what is just and unjust since most people often seem dependent on the “external morality. T put it plainly, tis simply implies that most people often practise justice depending on what other people will think of them instead of doing it simply because it would be the right thing to do. A the conclusion of Book IV, Pato tries to bring out the idea that individual justice reflects on political justice. H purports that the soul individual is made up of three distinctive parts, wich relates to the three classes in the society.
Frst, tere is the rational part, wich seeks after the truth and is viewed to be responsible for philosophical inclinations. Scondly, tere is the spirited part, wich wishes honour and can be blames for our feelings of anger and resentment. Tird and last, tere is the appetitive section of the soul, wich often lusts after all sorts of things, mstly money though (Plato, 129). Mney is turn used to fulfil all other the heart lusts over.
Ajust individual can be defined by a similarly just society. Al the three parts of an individual’s soul must achieve the necessary relationships of power and influence in view of one another. I simple terms, oe can simply perceive that the rational component of the soul has full power and rules the actions of the individual; te appetitive part is viewed to be rather submissive and follows with wherever reason leads. Tis can be inferred to mean that in a just society the individuals forced fulfil whatever the rulers wish and satisfy their will.
Smilarly, i an individual is just, te individual’s soul as a whole is basically aimed at satisfying the requirements and needs of the rational part of their soul. Te most notable thing in the society that people often only act justly because of what others may think of them. Mst of people’s actions are dictated by what the society expects of them. I is rarely ever about what they as individuals perceive to be just or unjust. Tis why it not hard to find people taking part in an unjust action simply because other people in the society are doing it so it must be just.
T prove this theory, Pato uses the story about the Ring of Gyges in Book II. Te story brings up the question of what people would probably do if they had a chance to be invincible (Plato, 123). Te reality is that the idea is likely to corrupt. ..
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