These are the mains points that Robison will sdescribe in the following pages.The only legacy left by Dutch colonialists was a state organized around protection of agrarian export capitalism which became the basis of the agenda of the post colonial dominant party, the PNI (Indonesian National Party). The PNI mainly represented by bourgeois populists was opposed to the PKI (Indonesian Communist Party) guided by radical populists who were involved in many struggles for lands, formerly Dutch-owned assets.“The Parliamentary system that emerged in 1949 offered none of the contending forces an immediate path to power”2. Several coalition governments were established only to control the allocation of “concessions, import licenses and contracts that were the reward of government”3. In this context, Soekarno’s dissolution of the parliamentary politics, restoration of the 1945 Constitution and the ultimate authority of the President and implementation of authoritarian rule were highly welcomed. Transition to authoritarian rule was a decisive change in the configuration of social and economic power and the victory of these interests assembled around the state. This shift advantaged Java importers and those gathered around the state over smaller producers/exporters, Islamic petty producers and manufacturing bourgeois. Demands from the Islamic political organization were refused by Soekarno and many Islamic rebellions were defeated which lead to a major defeat for the modern Islamic party: its banning.Guided Democracy was seen by the PKI as a “step forward in the struggle against the alliance of feudal and imperialists forces”4. The PKI. Reorgnizaing Power in Indonesia.
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