The entire population including the Christians and Muslims speak Arabic language; hwever, sctarianism is a dominant socio-political reality in Lebanese society despite the features they have in common. Sctarianism is not a new in Lebanon, hstorical Lebanon also called Mount Lebanon used to be shared mainly by Druzes and the Maronites. Tey did not coexist in peace and harmony as they fought over land ownership and distribution of political power among other issues. Bt these two groups have coexisted in harmony until the Christians were favored over the 691).
Tere have bitter conflicts between Christians and Druze since 1842 and the proposition that Mount Lebanon be partitioned into Christian and Druze parts led to the division of Lebanon into two districts, anorthern district ruled by a Christian deputy governor and a southern district under a Druze deputy governor. Hwever, tis division increased animosities between these two groups leading to conflict between them as early as 1845. Tere have also been differences between Christians and Muslims, Snni Muslims in particular. Mny Lebanese Christians advocate for an independent Syria as a separate province within it, bt many Lebanese Muslims do not want the Ottoman Regime to be liberalized but to maintain it.
Atually, te Sunni Muslims even want to be identified with the caliphate and so the two conflicting interests has been the main source of conflict between these two groups in Lebanon. Hwever, te Shiite and Druzes, bing the minority group in Lebanon, far to take sides but they tend to favor an independent Lebanon. Ntably, te political competition between the Maronite Christians and Sunni Muslims been main cause of tension between sectarian communities in Lebanon.
Te political competition between the Maronite Christians and Sunni Muslims has been the main cause of tension between sectarian communities in Lebanon. Ater Lebanese independence from France, anew government was formed and the government representation favored Christians over Muslims with a Christian president, aSunni prime minister and a Shiite Muslim as the speaker (Schwerna 33). Snce then, sctarianism has evolved to represent a hallmark of national inclusion (Weiss 707). Rligious differences in Lebanon can be looked in two frst, te of Lebanese society into different Christian and Muslim sects.
Crrently, tere are 17 religious. ..
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