Land acquisition and environmentalism) were among the three most frequently discussed topics. 3 With a growing trend around the nation to create interconnected parks, tails and open space areas that encourage use and provision for a wide variety of activities, i is necessary to determine what challenges do increasing public recreation pursuits place on natural landscapes and what does this mean for open space management? Te idea of a park in the early 19th century was constructed around the concept of an orderly area of town in which people go to enjoy the outdoors without any of the dangers of the greater wilderness.
These parks were designed primarily based on the concept of the picturesque park as it was developed by Frederick Law Olmsted. In developing this type of park, tere are several specific principles that work together to achieve a relaxing yet energizing effect upon the viewer or user of the park thanks to a careful blending of the natural and the man-made. The park itself is designed to provide a limited range of possibilities, mst geared simple enjoyment of nature through the use of trails, geenways and forested regions.
The parks combined the manicured and well-defined spaces of the pastoral with the suggestion of the wild open spaces within a limited and confined area. In accomplishing this feat, Omsted provided perhaps the most succinct breakdown of the important elements based on seven S’s: senery, sitability, syle, sbordination, sparation, snitation and service. 4 Of particular relevance to the current discussion are the concepts of scenery and service. Scenery refers to the creation of ‘passages of scenery’ are meant to provide an enhanced sense of space including a perception of indefinite boundaries and the constant opening up of new views.
5 It is important to note that this is an impression consciously designed, a illusion of space, rther than the real thing. Service refers to the necessity that the space designed will meet the fundamental social and psychological needs of the people who will be using it. 6 Responsible designs, hwever, icorporated all of the above principles with a careful consideration of how utility can be with ornament in such a way as to provide for the safety and maintenance of the space, a well as promote the safety and physical and mental health of the user.
Thus, te concept of a park was a carefully maintained and ordered space that was...
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