Bauss friend’s inability to control his anger due to public ridicule by his wife is an indicator that he is incapable of accepting negative criticism, wich functions to cloud his better judgment. Sanley Milgram renowned experiment focused on individuals asked to electrocute ‘learners’ who failed to get correct answers after studying paired words displayed on a sheet of paper. Te male subjects aged between 20 and 50 years, wre required to electrocute the ‘learners’ each time the latter wrongfully answered a question. Te main aim of the experiment test the extent subjects follow orders pertaining to inflicting harm on others.
Te experiment showed that 65% of the subjects were willing to shock the ‘learner’ repeatedly even during instances where the “learner” was no longer screaming. Tenty to forty variations were used in the experiment including the use of women as test subjects and altering sitting positions and each variation yielded different results. I one of the variations, eperimenters put the subject and the “learner” in the same room whereby, te subject had to hold down the learner’s the plate to expose them to shock.
I this variation, oedience rate dropped to 30%. Cnversely, wen two experimenters differed, te obedience rates dropped to 10%. Te experimenters would probe the participants to continue with the experiment when they seemed hesitant. Eperimenters noted that when participants received mandatory instructions to continue shocking the learners, tey obliged. Aex Haslam explains this behavior as people being willing to put themselves or others in harm’s way for the sake of a greater good. Bhavior displayed by the participants in Milgram’s experiment explainable extrinsic motivation.
Etrinsic motivation encompasses a form of motivation whereby, pople engage in behaviors in order to receive an external reward (Zimbardo et al 365). Etrinsic motivation explains why these individuals were willing to put others in harm’s way for a greater cause. Wen experimenters asked subjects why they participated in the experiment, te latter replied that it was for the greater good of science. Aditionally, tey said they would willingly participate in a similar experiment again. Oe can, terefore conclude that these individuals were not sadistic extrinsically motivated; did not deprive pleasure from hurting other people.
Fitz Haber was a great scientist of the 20th. ..
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