Racism in specific with respect to Northern Island is persistent in the sense that it can be associated with religious conflicts and in the form that it generates a new form of sectarianism. Again, the existence of xenophobic (fear of people from other countries especially the migrants) attitude is one of the constraints vehemently attached to racism in Ireland. In this respect, Deepa Mann-Keller states that “ racism can and does occur in different forms in Northern Ireland, and is generally divided into individual and institutional racism” . The former type racism is condemned by the community at large whereas the latter form of racism is not and it is more worryingly endorsed by the state.
The recent attacks from the members of the loyalist community against migrant people from Catholic background reveal racism exists in the country both in the institutional and individual form. In North Ireland, a report on Racial Attitudes and Prejudices towards migrant workers’ maintains that “ Protestants [appear to be] more likely to agree that migrant workers should do more to integrate than Catholics and they less likely to accept migrant workers than Catholics” .Contemporary Northern Ireland has experienced the rapid increase in racist attacks in recent years.
The city of Belfast in Northern Ireland is strongly associated with territorialized sectarianism and anti-racist agendas are rampantly used in the streets of the city. Belfast, the largest city in Northern Ireland has been the hub of racial discrimination. A Muslim migrant, Jamal Iweida revealed his experiences about racism stating that “ he has borne the brunt of growing intimidation and physical attacks on ethnic minorities” (Living in the of racism, 2002).
Jamal was initially from Palestine and departed from Jordan in the year 1995 for studying at the Queen’ s University in Belfast. Jamal states that the early years of his life in Ireland were comparatively happy.
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