In addition to the BF - BOF process, there is another process which utilizes mainly scrap as an iron source, with some direct reduced iron whenever necessary. The direct reduced iron is produced by reducing iron ore with reformed natural gas, whose principal components are hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and methane. The scrap, along with direct reduced iron, is then melted in an electric arc furnace (denoted EAF hereinafter) to produce molten steel which is subsequently processed by the continuous casting machine, as mentioned above. The molten steel from the BOF and EAF is then deoxidized and alloying elements are added in the prescribed amounts. The molten steel is then held at the target temperature and continuously cast, and the castings obtained are cut to the prescribed length. After heating to the rolling temperature in a reheating furnace, these castings are hot-worked to the required products. Bars and wire rods are worked on section and bar mills and wire-rod mills equipped with caliber rolls. Manufacture of Reinforced Steel Bars and Wire Rods.
Abdomerovic, M. (2000) Show It Simply, Project Management Journal, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p27, 6p, 3bw.
Advanced Scheduling Techniques (2004) Crashing and Time/ Cost Tradeoffs [online], Available on: http://www.ce.cmu.edu/pmbook/ 11_Advanced_Scheduling_Techniques.html [accessed 5 October 2004]
Connecticut Steel Corporation (2003) Quality Steel - Quality Relationships [online] Available on : http://www.ctsteelco.com/ [accessed 7 October 2004]
CRP steel (1991) Concrete reinforcing products [online], Available on
: http://www.crpsteel.com/specs.html [ accessed on 12 October 2004]
Dallas, M. (2006). Value and risk management: a guide to best practice. Wiley-Blackwell. 380 pages
Degnitu, W. (2000) A Case study of Zuquala Steel Rolling Mill, Journal of the ESME, Vol. III, No. 1.
Edwards, PJ and Bowen, PA. (2005). Risk Management in Project Organizations. Gulf Professional Publishing. 189 pages
Encyclopedia Britannia Online (2004) Steel making [online], Available on: http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=81431 [accessed on 14 October 2004]
Gido, J. (2009). Successful Project Management. (4th Ed). CENGAGE Learning. 486 pages
JFE 21st century foundation (2003). An introduction to iron and steel processing [online], Available on: http://www.jfe-21st-cf.or.jp/index2.html [accessed on 2 October 2004]
Kawasaki Steel (2004) Kawasaki Steel 21st Century Foundation – Index [online], Available on : Kawasaki_Steel_21st_Century_Foundation-Index.url [accessed on 7 October 2004]
Lock, D. (2007). Project management. (9th Ed). Gower publishing, Ltd. 520 pages
Mochal, T. (2003) Common metrics drive earned value calculations, Builder.com [online], Available on: http://builder.com.com/5100-6315-1049793.html [accessed 7 October 2004]
Nisshin Steel Company (2004). Company Outline and Manufacturing processes [online], Available on: http://www.nisshin-steel.co.jp/nisshin-steel/english/profile/s_make.htm [accessed 12 October 2004]
Oakridge National Laboratories (2002) Mesh Partitions, Department of Energy: Oakridge National Laboratories, section 10605, pp: 1-3
Orth, K., Robinson, R. and Hansen, W. (1998). Making more informed decision in your watershed when dollars aren’t enough. IWR Report 98-R-1. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Alexandria, Virginia.
Portny, SE. (2006). Project management for dummies. (2nd Ed). For Dummies. 366 pages
Project Management Fact Sheet (2002) Developing a Risk Management Plan [online], Available on: http://www.projectmanagement.tas.gov.au/ f_sheets/riskmanplan_fsv1.0.htm [accessed 20 October 2004]
Smorgan Steel Reinforcing (2004) Smorgan Steel Reinforcing: Reinforcement Handbook, 3rd edition , pp: 1-70
Steel-N.com (2004) Manufacturing process at Steel-N.com [online], Available on : http://www.steel-n.com/esales/general/us/catalog/ [ accessed on 26 September 2004]
Tariff Classification Service (2003) Iron and steel products [online], Available on :http://www.uktradeinfo.com/classguides/ Steel Guide_ November_2003.pdf [ accessed 5 October 2004]
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples