Facebook Pixel Code
x
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Psychology Essay

What is survival processing How does it work in memory Is the effect based on the evolutionary mechanisms or more commonplace memory explanations
Adaptive memory might be considered central to processing what is needed in order to survive. Through evolutionary-function reasoning, Nairne, Thompson and Pandeirada (2007) have concluded that “Our memory systems did not develop in a vacuum: rather, our ability to remember and reconstruct the past evolve to help us solve problems, particularly problems related to survival” (271). Survival, a central instinct that is supported by processing that allows for its continuation, is based upon
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Review of Social Service Program for Children, Adolescents and/or Families
Behaviour, level of misuse of alcohol and other substances, awareness of alternative initiatives, school or training attendance or employment rates, relationships with family and friends and interestingly “Establishment of a Sense of Future”.Mentoring has been used for many years across the globe, but thus far the literature on its effectiveness is rather mixed in its assessment. In a broad sense youth mentoring can be defined as effective if it “is a relationship that focuses on the
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Explain why it would be easier to operantly confition a behaviour that is natural than one that isn't natural. What are the strengths ad weaknesses of Thorndike's and Skinner's theory of operant conditioning
Stopping the positive reinforcement i. food completely, which was termed as “extinction”, produced the same results as in the case of punishment, but with a lesser rate. He came to a conclusion that behavior which is reinforced tends to be repeated or strengthens, while the behavior which is not reinforced tends to die out or be discontinued (Michael, Ronald 2007).Operant conditioning forms an association between a behavior and a consequence. “Skinner held that the organisms learn
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Brain activation of high and low self-esteem individuals during the encoding of valence stimuli
This research indicated that individuals with low self-esteem tend to associate themselves with negative stimuli as opposed to individuals with high self-esteem who associate themselves with positive stimuli. Moreover, people with depression, correlated with low self-esteem, showed preferential recall of negative words. This factor is associated with increased activation in the left hippocampus and parahippocampal gyrus during memory encoding (Thomaes et al.As technology becomes more advanced,
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Neurobiological Aspects of Language Development in Children
Broca’s region which is the inferior frontal lobe is important in planning and executing speech. Its damage and the surrounding regions of frontal lobe and the subcortical white matter leads to disrupted speaking ability and it causes a condition called aphasia , a disorder which is characterized by slow, laborious and non fluent speech .A person with this disorder has thoughts to express but the frontal lobe damage makes it difficult to articulate them. Such people find it difficult to say
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Describe and evaluate the role of hormones in sexual development and behaviour
Remarkably, all of us naturally generate androgens and estrogens. Sex variations are associated with the amount of such hormones in the body. Prenatal formation of the anatomy of female or male, in reality, is mainly brought about by the lack or existence of ‘testosterone’— an androgen produced mostly by the testes (Abramson & Pinkerton 1995). Male and female embryos, within the initial six weeks of prenatal developments, appear genetically the same. Yet, there occurs a formation of the
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Explain how social psychological factors influence aggression OR compare and contrast two social psychological theories of aggression
Social aggression occurs when the target of the behaviour is the self-esteem of another and indirect aggression in which the target is not confronted in a direct manner (Moeller, 2001).Three more ways in which to define aggression is through hostile, instrumental, or reactive forms. Hostile aggression is defined through the intention of the aggressor to cause physical harm to the victim. This type of aggression is the most easily recognized type of aggression. Instrumental aggression is a form
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Discuss the psychosocial implications of having an increased genetic risk for Autistic Spectrum Disorders
Individuals with ASD also have difficulty in understanding and interpreting figurative and inferential language.The characteristic behavioral excesses are manifested due to impairments in communications and social interactions. Stereotypic, repetitive and ritualistic behaviors are included in behavioral excesses. Furthermore, behavioral excesses also include over indulgence in limited activities and interests, and extreme intolerance towards environmental changes. Individuals with ASD also
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Euthanasia should be permitted for patients in a persistent vegetative state
Short-term memory span, analogical reasoning, story construction from pictures, etc., with such diversity seemingly belying the usefulness of intelligence as an explanatory construct” (p. The research work undertaken by the psychologists to analyze human behavior is able to unveil the connection between the rate of processing and working memory. The fact that some individuals can learn complex materials with ease and some others fail to do so is interesting to a behavior analyst. These
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
Preview Essay
The contribution of psychological research in understanding the reasons as to why people engage in anti-social behaviour
React to an event in the more pleasing manner while others tend to be short tempered and reactionary towards a situation and display rage and anguish. In the present scenario where competition is hard-hitting and individuals are chip in a career race, an approach is desired where judgmental move toward attitude could be worked well. One has to be critical in displaying cognitive behaviour towards enhanced memory power, quick and appropriate decision making temperament, organization of
Pages: 15 (3750 words), Essay
Preview Essay
A Learning Machine: Plasticity and Change Throughout Life
The other finding was that the brain is able to respond in either of two ways, either to have what it wants immediately or choose not to. One could salivate at the thought of delicious food or not salivate when they think that the same food is harmful. This will aid later in life in controlling desires. The next finding was about the response to denial, as was found out in the children of Romania. Improving conditions for children who seemed to be mentally retarded caused by denial of proper
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Driving is a task that is highly dependent on attentional processes (controlled and automatic). With reference to theories and empirical evidence, consider and describe the aspects of attention that are involved in driving and discuss how the use of mobil
Driver inattention is considered to cause a number of car crashes and the notion of selective attention is elemental to significant theoretical constructs within the ‘cognitive ergonomics literature’, together with situational understanding as well as mental workload. The grouping of “automatic and controlled processing with exogenous and endogenous selection” (Knauff, 2011, p. 78) creates the framework. In this framework, two types of selection involve automatic procedures. They are
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Behavior Modification Management Plan
Smoking can also create physiological disturbances and birth defects in people. It is also hereditary in nature, so it can be troublesome for people who are chain smokers. Psychologically, the trait of smoking is associated with stress because it has been observed that people smoke in times of stress.The overt behavior of John included smoking cigarettes many times a day. The frequency of smoking was quite much with around thirty to forty cigarettes a day. The client used cigarettes in the
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Write a letter to a venue that is planning to stage a paranormal event and ask them to stop staging such events in the future. The letter should explain why you are asking for this change in their policy
Paranormal events are believed to result to paranormal believe which later leads to paranormal illusions (Jinks, 2011). These beliefs and illusions are believed to have contributed to the disorder, which is shown in our society. In some cases, it can affect the society positively like a case where people may straighten their moral in fear of the dead and where it increases imaginative abilities. In most cases, such events affect the society negatively and thus they should not be staged at
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Intelligence testing: What intelligence testing should actually test
Language skills, memory, reasoning, digit span, and judgments were measured, and the authors eventually created new result scales that allowed for sensitivity to the test takers’ ages (Boake, 2002). The results of this test provided a quantified analysis of the child’s “intellectual level” or “mental age” (Boake, 2002, p. Other tests developed with non-verbal intelligence measures that could be used with people who were less fluent or had hearing issues (Boake, 2002). As Gottfredson
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Kohlberg's Three Levels and Six Stages of Moral Reasoning
As normal moral reasoning does not apply to her and she is living in the moment, crying if there is something that she wants and learning behaviors that she may acquire fear over instead.During Stage 1 includes punishment and obedience orientation and a child is able to determine that there can be physical consequences which help to teach them if they have done something good or bad. This then makes the child want to do something right in order to keep from receiving physical punishment. They
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Personality disorders
Hence in this way, this is a major psychological disease which can has many threats including the threat to life.In the article “Treating avoidant personality disorder” the author Robert T. London has talked about a major psychological disease which is called as “Avoidant Personality Disorder” and has also discussed its various methods of treatments. In this way, its prominent features that contribute to the personality disorder are decreased self esteem, wrong and inappropriate, often
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Can Facebook make you feel better about yourself
The constructed identity that is a part of the online social experience has different parameters than the real world self that has imposed ideas that do not necessarily become a part of the online identity. Kelsey (2010) discusses the development of social networking as a consequence of the proliferation of the Internet throughout society. The use of Facebook approaches and sometimes breaches the line of addiction when the idea that something might be missed begins to interrupt normal life and
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
Preview Essay
Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WRMDs) in Physiotherapists as a Risk Factor for Depression
One of the main biological factors is age (Reilly, 2002). The age of an individual significantly increases their susceptibility to depression during and after WRMDs. Research indicates that biological risk factors increasing the likelihood of depression by at least three percent with the increase of an individual’s age (Burnett, 2007). In light of this, musculoskeletal disorders will only add to the potency of depression by adding pain and suffering to the individual. Older persons are prone
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
Preview Essay
PTSD from war/military
Owing to the massive role of war in causing PTSD in the soldiers, the condition was originally termed as the “shell shock syndrome” (eMedicineHealth, 2012). To suffer from PTSD, an individual may not necessarily have played an active role in the traumatic event. The mere presence of the individual at the event and witnessing of the trauma can be reasons enough to cause PTSD. This is the fundamental reason why many professionals engaged in jobs in which trauma is an inherent feature of the
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
Preview Essay

More Psychology Essay

285 - 328 results of 2461 items
WE CAN HELP TO FIND AN ESSAYDidn't find an essay?

Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples

Contact Us