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Psychology Essay

Requires to critically evaluate the statement that it is inappropriate for psychologists to use Western standards of psychological health to interpret and diagnose the behaviour of culturally different people
Program and through that, their cultural differences or bias in testing at the end of the program are not as significant as when they entered the undergraduate program. It has long been known that the test-scores reflect not just academic ability, but a familiarity and command of the cultural values that are expressed or a part of the language of the test [Goldstein 540]. Further, critics point to an inverted situation as a counter-example of how test bias involves cultural variables that help
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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2.Is human behavior conditioned by associations between environmental stimuli and responses, or do attitudes, beliefs and expectations affect the way we acquire information
Outside factors like attitudes, beliefs and expectations affect the way a human being acquires information from various sources, and also looks into whether or not human behaviour is conditioned by associations between environment stimuli and responses as well.Every human being is subject to some kind of environment or the other. Children born in rich households grow up with everything on their platter while those born in poverty stricken homes need to work and earn their meals from a very ripe
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Physical Activity & Depression: Sources of Evidence
This is because most of the depressed people keep to themselves, which creates the impression of being deserted. Intensive isolation increases the chances of developing severe depression, which may take a longer time to treat (Ninemsn 2004). Although there are many forms of depression, only clinical and non-clinical forms of depression have a clear line of distinction. Clinical depression is a situation whereby patients seek help due to their symptoms, which have been diagnosed using standard
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Social Cognitive Theory
Individuals are not guided by inner forces and neither are they involuntarily shaped and guided by environment. Individuals therefore do actively contribute to their own behavior, motivation and development through a network of influences that interact in a reciprocating manner. In regard to this view, individuals are defined by five basic capabilities: vicarious, symbolizing, self-reflective, self regulatory and forethought. These are the capabilities that avails to all humans the cognitive
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Freud's idea of penis envy and how it has evolved through the years
Freud described the Oedipus complex as girl’s “erotic desire for father coupled with confusing, ambivalent, angry rivalry with mother” (Kahn, 2002, p. More importantly, one of the major reasons for the development of this complex in girls is the lack of penis. According to Freud, both boys and girls think that it is a sign of inferiority and incompleteness not to have a penis (Kahn, 2002, p. Girls think that as they do not have penis, they are inferior to men and are the owners of
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Creating and Validating a Survey Scale
Either way the student is either externally propelled into action or the goals he defines can be self-endorsed and carried out with a sense of volition. Understanding the divergent types of extrinsic motivation, and how they are fostered, is a critical area of importance as far as educators who rely completely on intrinsic motivation in order to foster learning are concerned.A study conducted at the Zayed University in the UAE, on a sample of female university students, regarding student’s
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Brain cell growth and degeneration
Research on the kind of food that people consume indicates that some fruits of foods that people consume can trigger new brain cell growth. It is important to note that food that people take contain chemicals, which have influence on cell activity. Studies show that fruits of food that contain anthocyanin can trigger growth of brain cell (Hayashi, 2007). The genetic programs in the brain facilitate brain cell growth. Another factor that facilitates brain growth is the environment where an
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Quantitative research methodology
Are influenced by varied factors including credibility of the information presented, how reasonable the information appears, and how much cognitive capacity is presented. (Lev-Ari and Keyser, 2010)’There is a consensus among research studies that non-native speakers have a language accent that differs to varying extent to the original speakers and this has caused the non native speakers to appear as persons of low credibility perhaps attributed to two main reasons; (1) the accent sets a
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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A Mental Training Plan for an Individual Who is in Need of an Improvement in an Exercise Program
I explained to her that physical activity enhances feelings of well being in particular by reducing fatigue, anger, depression and anxiety yet increasing vigor. Also it is the most effective technique for changing a bad mood (Welnberg and Gould 402). Exercises helps individuals to change their self-concept, self esteem and hardiness to enable them withstand or cope with stressful situations. Exercises also promote control, a sense of commitment, improve cognitive functioning and enhance quality
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Beautiful people deserve to be more successful than ugly people
On the flip side, people regarded to be unattractive often face several prejudices and unfair treatment everywhere (Hammermesh, 2011).A woman living in San Diego reports of her experience at a shopping mall “there in the store was one of the ugliest clerks you might possibly have ever seen. His face was quite uneven and rugged and people in the line were quite rude to him, making mean remarks and children even pointing out to him making him feel quite hideous. If the same were of a more
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Social influence
So the society as well as religion encourage obedience with all possible methods because obedience is the only and the most effective methods of keeping people under control without negative reference to this very term.Confirmity is the issue that is closely connected to obedience and probbaly arises from it as from more general and all-encompassing notion. According to Brecker, Olson & Wigglis, conformity can be regarded as any change of behavior by a person or a group of people with the aim
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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General Principles of Human Factors
The account of an eyewitness can be distorted by the nature of the questions the witness is responding to in an interview. When memory recall is free and self-initiated, it results in an accurate account of events. On the other hand, when it is probed through the use of suggestive interview questions, there are chances that this could jumble up the arrangement of the chronology of the stored information, resulting in an inaccurate recall of events (Wells et al.Loftus and Palmer (1974)
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Psychology of Suicide
And the consequences for those who survived the suicide and the relatives of those who managed to commit it are very serious. For instance only in the United States more than thirty thousand people kill themselves and more than two hundred thousand attempt to commit a suicide every year (Davidson & Neale, 1994). The numbers of the victims of suicide in the world are even more drastic - suicide is considered to be a 10th major cause of death on the planet. There is no distinct answer on the
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Could hypnosis be a useful tool for the police
There are two fundamental purposes for application of legal hypnosis in crime investigation. The most well-known is to incite unwinding when uneasiness and anxiety may be deterring a witness capacity to review however much data as could reasonably be expected. The second utilize happens when recovery of data from witnesses cannot be procured through some other means (Kirsch, 2011). Presently no overriding judgement has yet been passed on with respect to suitability of confirmation accomplished
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Alternative assignment
Since alcohol is known to alter moods, this property may provide an alternative to dysphoric feelings for persons with insufficient emotion-focused coping. More importantly, the social learning framework suggests that insufficient emotional coping contributes significantly to alcohol abuse, rather than overall inadequate coping (Cooper et al, 1988).There are different types of motivation or reasons that underlie the decision to drink. The first motivation is that people drink in order to
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Book review
The thought of death comes with difficulty since it affects one’s life. In the process, it helps us develop a relation to our finite and uncertain existence thus facing the ethical idea of becoming what we are. Reflecting on death is therefore somehow important in helping us understand ourselves better as the finite beings. Kierkegaard, therefore, in the statement has intimately linked better life with death. Failure to appreciate death makes there be a poor use of the scarce time, thus
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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PTSD in the Military
She wore all white and claimed to have visions of Christ and Mary that seemed unreal from the scriptures. She could not have been the maid of Mary. Her beliefs were a risk as they would bring discourse should the people have started believing in her faith. It is for this reason that the Archbishop of York did not want her to be escorted by a younger man. He was willing to pay five shillings to an older man to escort her instead because his faith in the common scripture would already be
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Social Sciene Theory
To be specific, relations of creation that is proper to a given stage in the advancement of their material powers of creation. The totality of these relations of creation constitutes the monetary structure of society, the genuine establishment, which emerges a legitimate and political superstructure and clear types of social awareness.An examination of history uncovers the types of social connections (the serf-master, the working people bourgeoisie) that exist in a specific monetary mode of
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Critically discuss the importance of an understanding of the philosophy of mind for the modern psychologist
Thus it turns out that, according to dualists, mind has its specific nature that is not really related to the physical body, because matter, which a body is made of, also has its own nature. The important thing in the relation between philosophical dualists is that their separation of mind and body makes mind a separated object of exploration for psychologists. If a psychologist accepts that mind and body are separated, it becomes very difficult to consider mind-body causality, as dualism makes
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Sexual Orientation
Sexual orientation is only one aspect of the wider sexual identity. The other components of sexual identity include the natal gender, the gender identity, and the social sex role. The above identities are independent of the others. This explains the notion behind why a masculine female should not be assumed to have attractions towards fellow women (LeVay & Hamer, 1994).The concern over binary categories is outstanding particularly within gender and sex paradigms. From historical perspectives,
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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