Observational learning could be from a peer group, athough only up to a certain degree and from what parents do in front of children. Drect experience may include persons abused as children, wich could further be compounded by their ending up in adoptive homes without stable peer groups. I a child underwent abuse at various developmental stages, bain damage is often a consequence of the direct experience. 2It is true that violent gangs have presented real and complex dangers in urban centers ranging from London to Cape Town and to Chicago.
Tis has resulted in high degrees of public anger and fear, ad instabilities in young adults and children. Hwever, mths and stereotypes relating to violent crime have also been developed and circulated mostly through the global television and film media, wich have fed the escalated global consciousness with information that gangs are an elementary evil in the society (Jerin & Fields 2005, p At the same time, arange of stakeholders that include local and global actors such as the police, plicymakers, jurnalists, aademics, yuth workers and the themselves, rspond to and define violent crime differently and often contradictorily.
Acording to a study by the Glasgow University, te police acknowledge that prison sentences may be ineffective, epecially for the younger violent criminals, bt they also believe it is the best solution for persistent offenders. Hwever, te same study found that the community disagrees with the aspect of long prison sentences as a stereotyped perception and instead opt to focus on alternative ways of curbing violent crime, prticularly among young members of violent gangs. Athough the community feels the members should be given exit avenues with fewer restrictions, citically examining that option reveals that not all violent criminals will be accessible for social assistance.
Te criminal justice system supports this alleged police stereotyping by asserting violent criminals chose that trend as a way of life since it appealed to them and they cannot identify sufficient negative consequences that can convince them to quit. Tpologies that relate to violent crime can be first be categorised as either internally motivated or externally motivated, ad in the two typologies, idividuals to stimuli to act violently (Tremblay 2000, p Then, tey can also be categorised in terms of lack, filure or absence of...
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