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The Maya Civilization

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The manta was used as a curtain across the doorway. Cotton and sisal were cultivated on a considerable scale, and weaving was one οf the main occupations οf Mayan women. Authorities think that cotton was reserved for nobility and priests. While the dress οf the peasants was simple, that οf the nobility was much more colorful and elaborates (Whitlock 43). Although their clothing was sparse, the Maya were fond of οf personal adornment. The ordinary people wore ornaments οf bone, shell, wood, and stone in their ears, noses, and lips. For people in the higher rank, the decorations were οf metal or jade. They also filed their teeth into points and sometimes covered them with plates ο

f what were to them precious stones, such as obsidian, iron pyrites and most valuable οf all jade. The paint was used lavishly on their bodies and was applied by means οf pottery shards dipped in the paint pot. The colors οf the paints had significance. The Maya also practiced tattooing (Whitlock 44).
Mayan villagers were overall well organized. The families had a certain distribution οf land. Probably, each οf the habitants knew each other. They were patrilineal and matrilineal. Therefore, each οf the persons in the villagers had two names one οf the father and mother. A man could not marry women were not closely related to him. The Mayan villagers were in control οf a lord, to whom they paid taxes. They were two kinds of οf taxes in produce and in personal service (Whitlock 67). The earliest evidence οf the evolution of οf complex societies in both the Old and New Worlds is based on the finding οf elaborate public works. The large structures demonstrate the ability οf manpower and the organization οf the government and its people (Brainerd 15). The social organization οf the Mayas was very important for human interaction in the lowland Maya sites (Hammond and Willey 17)
Agriculture was essential for the Mayan culture. The principal foods were corn, beans, sweet potatoes, and squashes. For trading, it was cotton and cacao. The corn had a lot of οf significance and the Maya regarded it with reverence. Even today Mexicans consume corn as our basic food (Whitlock 32).

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preview essay on The Maya Civilization
  • Pages: 11 (2750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Culture
  • Level: Masters
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