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The Maya Civilization

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The manta was used as a curtain across the doorway. Cotton and sisal were cultivated on a considerable scale, and weaving was one ο f the main occupations ο f Mayan women. Authorities think that cotton was reserved for nobility and priests. While the dress ο f the peasants was simple, that ο f the nobility was much more colorful and elaborates (Whitlock 43). Although their clothing was sparse, the Maya were fond of ο f personal adornment. The ordinary people wore ornaments ο f bone, shell, wood, and stone in their ears, noses, and For people in the higher rank, the decorations were ο f metal or jade.

They also filed their teeth into points and sometimes covered them with plates ο f what were to them precious stones, such as obsidian, iron pyrites and most valuable ο f all jade. The paint was used lavishly on their bodies and was applied by means ο f pottery shards dipped in the paint pot. The colors ο f the paints had significance. The Maya also practiced tattooing (Whitlock 44). Mayan villagers were overall well organized. The families had a certain ο f land.

Probably, each ο f the habitants knew each other. They were patrilineal and matrilineal. Therefore, each ο f the persons in the villagers had two names one ο f the father and mother. A man could not marry women were not closely related to him. The Mayan villagers were in control ο f a lord, to whom they paid taxes. They were two kinds of ο f taxes in produce and in personal service (Whitlock 67). The earliest evidence ο f the evolution of ο f complex societies in both the Old and New is based on the finding ο f elaborate public works.

The large structures demonstrate the ability ο f manpower and the organization ο f the government and its people (Brainerd 15). The social organization ο f the Mayas was very important for human interaction in the lowland Maya sites (Hammond and Willey 17)Agriculture was essential for the Mayan culture. The principal foods were corn, beans, sweet potatoes, and squashes. For trading, it was cotton and cacao. The corn had a lot of ο f significance and the Maya regarded it with reverence. Even today consume corn as our basic food (Whitlock 32).

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preview essay on The Maya Civilization
  • Pages: 11 (2750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Culture
  • Level: Masters
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