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Management, Leadership and Skills - Planning and Control Essay Example

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Management, Leadership and Skills - Planning and Control

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Management, Leadership and Skills - Planning and Control. The role and characteristics of project leaders heavily influence project management. According to Riaz et. al (2013, p-99), literature has usually ignored the impact of project manager’s leadership capabilities on the success of projects as one of the most significant success factors. The authors have argued that project manager’s effective leadership style is vital for the success of projects. The basic role of a project manager is to set a direction for the staff so as to cope up with dynamic changes of the environment. A project leader’s skills, personality, abilities and knowledge are extremely important to achieve best practices during project management. al (2013, p-99) further stressed on the fact that these personality traits and leadership styles are critical in determining the success or failure of projects.

The role of a leader is to satisfy and motivate their workers by fulfilling their basic needs. Excellence in project management is only achieved when there is a good leader who can motivate his or her employees to bring out the best possible outcomes. Workers who have strong project leaders tend to produce better results, exhibit commitment and dedication towards work. However, if the leader is not able to manage the work properly, employees can become de-motivated resulting in poor performances. The research work done by Riaz et. (2013) is quite comprehensive and discusses the role of leadership with great emphasis on project leadership. The authors stress upon the fact that the good attributes of a strong project leader would definitely motivate the workers consequently reaping profits out of the project. However, Xiong (2008, p-14) conducted his study with a different angle of project leadership and its emerging trends. According to this author, project leadership has emerged as the most significant trait for the success of projects and in future it tends to become the most important skill for project managers. Refer to Appendix 1.Scholars have emphasized on the leadership traits of project managers extensively. Xiong (2008, p-15) explained in his study the leadership theory which was further divided into three components: trait-based, situational, and a behavioural approach. All three approaches have different understanding but they are interlinked. The trait approach focuses on the personal. Management, Leadership and Skills - Planning and Control.

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Clarke, Prudence, ‘Leadership, beyond project management,’ Industrial and Commercial Training Emerald Group Publishing, Vol. 41 Issue: 4, 2009, pp. 187 - 194

Jiang, Juanjuan, ‘The Study of the Relationship between Leadership Style and Project Success,’ American Journal of Trade and Policy, Vol. 1, Issue 1, 2014, pp 51-55

Maylor, Harvey, Project Management, 4th Edition. (Pearson Education Limited, 2010)

Murugesan R, ‘Attributes Of Leadership for Success In Project Management,’ International Journal of Engineering and Management Sciences, Vol.3, Issue 3, 2012, pp 326-335

Perumal , Vasanthi and Bakar, Abu Hasan, ‘The Inluence Of Technology: Factors Motivating Project Management Team Successfully,’ International Journal of Economics and Management Sciences Vol. 1, No. 5, 2011, pp. 92-96

Peterson, Tonya, ‘Motivation: How to Increase Project Team Performance,’ Project Management Journal, Vol. 38, No. 4, 2007, pp 60–69

Riaz, Ahmed, Tahir, Masood Muhammad & Noor, Azmi, ‘Leadership is Vital for Project Managers to Achieve Project Efficacy,’ Research Journal of Recent Sciences, Vol. 2, Issue 6, 2013, pp 99-102

Schmid, Bernhard and Adams, Jonathan, ‘Motivation in Project Management: The Project Manager’s Perspective,’ Project Management Journal, Vol. 39, No. 2, 2008, pp 60–71

Xiong, Riyue, ‘Leadership In Project Management’ Master of Science Thesis (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2008)


Appendix 1

Leadership Trends: Source: Xiong (2008, p-15)

Appendix 2

Role of Leadership: Source: Maylor (2010, p-247)

Appendix 3

Importance of Leadership Skills: Source: Xiong (2008, pp 23-25)

Leadership Training

Successful Managers have high Leadership Skill

Appendix 4

Team Motivation at Different Project Stages: Schmid & Adams (2008, p-67)

Appendix 5

Manager’s ability to Motivate: Schmid & Adam’s (2008, p- 68)

Appendix 6

Impact of Good Communication on Motivation: Perumal et. al (2011, p-95)

Appendix 7

Project Management Model: Jiang (2014, p-54)

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