As a result, these Muslim victims may only develop more anger and frustration. Hence, professionalization of the discipline is jeopardized. This disruptive flaw in emergency management hinders quality and promotes unprofessional emergency management. This is the case because the only aim of the organizations and authorities is to alleviate the people from the situation. However, the response is not helping with regard to the emotional and mental conditions of the people affected, which, as mentioned above, is also a primary concern for emergency management. Based on the foregoing, the respect for cultural and traditional differences is deemed to be a part of ethical practice in emergency management. Handmer and Dovers (2013) have identified several measures to ensure accountability and transparency in emergency management. Two of the most common methods are: providing feedback mechanisms and representation from community and interest groups. Feedback mechanisms in emergency management will require the solicitation of information (i. comments, suggestions, opinions, observations, etc.) on an emergency responses and actions from the stakeholders. This may include victims, response teams, volunteers and other individuals witnessing and participating in the different phases of emergency management. Professionalism, Accountability, Best Practices, and Ethics in Emergency Management.
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