Thus, i can be argued that with correct policy making and efficient implementation, pverty in any country can be decreased, i not totally eliminated. O the other hand, te article consisted of the different reasons why geography is supposedly the cause of many nation’s poverty – transportation costs, aricultural productivity, RD capabilities, ntional borders. T argue against, pints will be raised vis a vis each one of these. Husmann considered it unfortunate that transportation costs are most of the time determined by a countrys geography. Acordingly, h noted transportation is especially costly for landlocked countries whose products need to cross borders.
Hwever, h failed to include the fact that even transportation fees are subject to economic’s supply and demand. Te bulk of the cost of transportation is added by national policies that aimed to generate income for the country where the goods are being imported and depending on the type of good (necessity vs. lxury), wth the necessary ones with less taxation than their luxurious counterparts. I the article, i is noted that the divergence in agricultural the developed and developing world is grounded in dramatically different R&D capabilities.
Hwever, loking at the development of technology in the historical perspective, te lack of natural resources drove the developed countries into exerting more efforts at innovation. Snce they are not blessed with abundant materials, tey focused more on adding values and innovating raw materials imported from other countries. Mreover, te research and development capabilities of a nation is also tied down to abundance in nature. I example, topical countries are abundant with plant life, tus of products from such countries are developed from their green lands.
Lstly, te author argues that it is more important to devote time and resources to transportation infrastructure since this lowers the costs of trading, nw technologies for agriculture and public health, ad economic integration projects than to focus solely on areas like health, ad education. Loking at the short term effects of these policies, te argument of the author can be considered correct. Hwever, h failed to see that the benefits of focusing on education and health other man-power policies offer a long term and substantial solution to poverty-stricken countries.
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