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Power Generation in Alberta Essay Example

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Power Generation in Alberta

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Power Generation in Alberta. The first part commence in 1995 following the passage of electric utilities act of 1995. This act came up with an open access competitive power pool which allowed for the trading of power in the province.The aim of the act was to establish a structure that will offer efficient and competitive market for the new emerging electrical generation, the same playing field for both buyers and sellers, the generation and transmission functions was divided, and due to reduced regulation, the customers benefited more from the competition. These principles were well supported by the restructuring in the industry. The transmission and distribution remain regulated in the province but it was restructured. In 1996, Alberta electric system operator (AESO) was established.

The organization pool and sold both generated and imported electricity to distributors and exporters in a spot market 2000). The power generation sectors are mainly owned by the companies such as TransAlta, ATCO, EPCOR, ENMAX, and Capital power.Due to high demand for electricity, the province has expanded their production hence impacting on the environment. The power is produced through several means such as nuclear power, coal, and, wind. Coal technology is the use of pulverized coal to produce heat steam that will rotate the steam turbines. This technology produces a lot of heat and it has several impacts on the environment. This has a negative impact on global warming. The coals used are extracted from the ground resulting in land degradation and soil acidification due to industry wastes. Acidification of soil occurs as a result of waste such as Sulphur and nitrogen changing the soil chemical and physical properties, this will have an impact on the vegetation growth.Another form of power generation is through wind. This is produced when the wind rotates the wind turbines hence rotating the motor to produce power. The turbines form a visual pollution matters that are related to tourist areas. A lot of carbon dioxide is emitted during the manufacture of the equipments, a lot of concrete are also needed to construct and install the tower. It has been found that the rotating towers kill birds and high power voltage lines kill millions of birds annually.Another form of energy is gas. This is a natural gas and their production has several impacts on the environment at all stages of their use. When it is heated it produces. Power Generation in Alberta.

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References

Dina OMeara and Calgary Herald. (2012). ATCO reports record profits on power prices,

housing Company cashes in on resource development growth. Calgary Herald. Accessed on 5/2/2012 on http://www.calgaryherald.com/business/ATCO+Group+boosts+earnings+energy+projects/6191714/story.html?id=6191714.

International Energy Agency, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,

SourceOECD (Online service). (2007). Tackling Investment Challenges in Power Generation: In IEA Countries. Toronto: OECD Publishing.

Alberta. Alberta Resource Development. (2000). new power generation in Alberta: a guide to

bringing new electric generation on stream. Toronto: Alberta Resource Development.

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