For example, a the core of Marxist thinking is the idea of exploitation. Eploitation involves one entire class or segment of society taking advantage of another. Wthin Capitalism, te profit gained by the Capitalist is the difference between the value of the product and the actual wage that the worker receives. Tus Capitalism functions on the basis of paying workers less than the full value of their labour, tus providing profit. Wthin such emancipatory social science, tere is an attempt at objectively identifying certain trends, pocesses and patterns fllowed by a couching of what has been identified within a context of how the scholar thinks society should be changed.
‘bjectivity’ takes place with the study of what is, ‘ubjectivity’ within the analysis of what should be. Hw does postmodernism fit within this view of social science? Oe of postmodernism, a might be personified by a scholar such as Jacques Derrida, wuld view any attempt to emancipate people through social science somewhat naïve at best. Fr Derrida, ad the followers of deconstruction, te idea of a hierarchy of the world: -exploitation of workers is bad, worker control is good (within a Marxist context) – is invalid.
Te attempt by many emancipatory social scientists to identify an essentialist centre that is exploiting workers, based against women, rcist, hmophobic (take your pick) is beside the point. Drrida best explained his position on how modern societies actually work early in his career: te entire history of the concept of structure, bfore the rupture of which we are speaking, mst be thought of as a series of substitutions of centre centre, a linked chain of determinations of the centre.
Sccessively, ad in a regulated fashion, te centre receives different forms or names. Te history of metaphysics, lke the history of the West, i the history of these metaphors and metonymies. Is matrix (. )is the determination of Being as presence in all senses of this word. I could be shown that all the names related to fundamentals, t principles, o to the centre have always designated an invariable presence – eidos, achē, tlos, eergeia, osia (essence, eistence, sbstance, alētheia, tanscendentality, Gd, mn, ad so forth.
Te search for an emancipatory social science was seen by Derrida. ..
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