From the very beginning of its existence, Cina was an autocratic state. I this context, te rule of dynasties was important for it and lasted to the beginning of the twentieth century. I addition, te fact that Chinese state is one of the most ancient ones in the world underlines this specific background as crucial in comprehension of Chinese nature. I particular, te first dynasties known for the contemporary scientists start their existence approximately from 2000 B. I that time, te period of Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors defined cultural and political existence.
Ulike Western history where ancient times are rarely determining contemporary political situation, Cinese core traits take their roots so long ago. I fact, acient China analysis is important in order to comprehend the worldview of contemporary Chinese people who respect their history and traditions for all these years. I this context, te element of cosmopolitanism appears. Atually, a “The Records of the Five Emperors” (the chapter in the Records of the Historian) states, “he geographic space under the influence of ancient Chinese was the entire or ‘all under heaven’, bing ‘all corners on which the sun and moon shone’, a well as ‘all boundaries struck with wind and rain.
’ (Chun, 2009, p And so, de to the fact that Chinese people from ancient times perceived the whole world as their home, tey have never felt the necessity to try their best in order to convince the others in their priority. I contemporary world, i means that being a superpower does not make to ordinary Chinese people any sense, a they believe that from very beginning China was a superpower as the core country in the world that is the closest to the skies.
Aso, te ‘all under heaven’ concept itself includes not only the plain geographical dimension but also political and ethical authority established by the rule of the emperor (Chun, 2009, p In fact, eonomic system was also under emperor’s control (Chun, 2009, p So, i is relevant to state that such an attitude formed in ancient China strongly effects both Chinese ordinary life and the foreign policy of China the highest level nowadays.
A for the latter, te contemporary strategy of pragmatism chosen by China in international relations is illustrative for this thesis. Bcause Chinese people do not have any ambitions to compete...
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