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Policy Brief on the New Era of Peace: Africa

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The discontented clans rose in arms against the Siad Barre government and finally in 1991, h was overthrown. Te rebels overran Mogadishu, Smalia’s capital. Gven that the factions that overthrew Siad Barre had no power-sharing plan, dstrust and conflict soon arose amongst them. Eforts to reconcile the warlords bore no fruits and Somalia descended into territorial regimes headed by warlords and protected by community militias. Dspite a heavy presence of peacekeeping troops in Mogadishu and reconciliation efforts, lttle was achieved in terms of progress until the intervention of into the Somalia Situation in 201l.

B 2012, tere was a new central government in place and a parliament. Knya and Somalia share a common border that stretches for over 700 km. Fr a long time, Knya observes a policy of non-interference in political matters of her neighbors. Knya and Somalia are a home to the Somalis, a ethnic speaking community that was divided between the two sides of the political boundary. Te Somalis in Kenya and Somalia are related and all speak the same native language. Fr that avoided any direct interference in the affairs of the Somalia nation.

I had also observed the same with Uganda, wich suffered a series of military coups after coups in the 1980s. Hwever, te last decade of the 20th century had new challenges. Ater the rise of the Al-Qaeda, Knya suffered a terrorist attack in 1998 when the terror group targeted and successfully bombed a US embassy in her capital Nairobi. Te situation in Somalia grew from bad to worse particularly the country is accessible from the Middle East the Sea.

Gven such logistics, Smalia acted as a terrorists’ training ground. Te Al-Shabaab terror group was born during this time. Te Al-Shabaab crossed over into Kenya through the porous Kenya-Somalia border and reigned terror on UN aid workers in Dadaab refugee camp and Kenyan coastal region (Branch 1). Te then Kenyan President, Mai Kibaki, dclared war against Al-Shabaab and sent Kenyan troops into Somalia. Knyan interest in the war was that such instances of security threats were affecting her tourism industry. Mny western powers such as the and Britain issued travel advisories on the advice of their intelligence.

A sea, Smali militia launched one of the most daring piracies of the 21st Century. Smali pirates. ..

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