State”, eistence is treated as nearly perfect: i the summer, pople will work barefoot and in the winter, tey will work clothed and shod. Te children will feast, gtting their fill; fmilies will not exceed their means and the city will keep an eye on poverty, wr, ad other afflictions (372a-c). Hwever, wat this conception of the just society, te Ideal State, asumes is that the bare necessities of life are necessary and sufficient conditions for human beings living flourishing, hppy lives. Athough particular items which are, i unecessary for a human life can be passed off without any consequence, lxury items in general cannot be.
Te thought that a human being can be “happy” in any real sense with only having what is necessary for him or her is mistaken. Te “healthy state”, athough fulfilling the bodily needs of its citizens, fils to provide what these individuals need psychologically, nmely the ability to freely set ends and pursue them. Dprived of this, te citizens of the “healthy state” fail to be complete, atualized human beings. Ojecting, “t seems you make your people feast without any delicacies” (372-c).
Scrates admits to the problem of the merely “healthy state”, ad its obvious lack of anything capable of providing rational motive to any action (beyond what an animal might need to survive). Tus, i the just city is not one in which only the mere necessities are provided, ten it must be what Socrates chooses to call “a luxurious city”, wich does more than its predecessor. Athough Socrates recognizes that there is a problem in making people without h still views the “healthy city” as the true city and the “luxurious city” as the one “with a fever” (372-e).
“e must enlarge our city, ”he says, “or the healthy one is no longer adequate. W must increase it in size and fill it with a multitude of things that go beyond what is necessary” (373-b). Pecisely where the “city of pigs” fails, Gaucon and Socrates want to see if the “luxurious city” will succeed, nmely in accomplishing people’s desires for necessary things as well as things. Te expanded now introduces roles for nonessential laborers, lke beauticians, ators, ad poets.
Te introduction of wealth into the society will inevitably create conflict, ad so Socrates predicts that warriors will become necessary for its defense. Tese warriors. ..
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