Not cheating or lying) is far more important than the wealth he has accumulated (Reeve 2004 P 5). So the conversation naturally turns to virtue and two subjects brought up are paying one’s debts and helping a friend with his enemy (your enemy is my enemy). Plato rejects these, nt on the basis of not being just ideas, bt rather that they are mostly hard to define, fr each situation is different (in battle, a sea, ec. )and says he might have a better idea. Pato develops city, Kllipolis, rled by philosopher kings, wich represents the ultimate perfection a city can attain through intrinsic training.
A the time of Plato, Ahens was a city state that some believe was the cradle of modern democracy. So it is interesting to note that Socrates and his companions were free to sit and discuss the literal overthrow the Government and replace with their version of a monarchy, aconcept that their descendants reversed, fr eventually modern Greece was a monarchy and was abolished in favour of a contemporary form of the 1960’s, sme two thousand years later.
Surprisingly, i is Socrates’ friend Glaucon in Book 2 who contradicts him on his first city, sating that such a place would not be fit for refined Athenians. S Plato comes up with the concept of Kallipolis at the end of Book 2 and continues through most of the rest of the work. The city must have a certain perfection that will only lead to war with others through jealousies and therefore the city must have a sort of class of plice, rulers all rolled into one, wom he named the Guardians (Reeve 2004 v 371-377e).
Te development of this city occurs through an analysis of the fundamental elements it must entail. Lke any city, tere must be access to food, selter, cothing and health. Although these elements must be present in sustaining human life, Pato goes beyond just what keeps people beings alive. H begins by recruiting a particular kind of people, te ones who are perfectly trained physically, mlitarily and academically. Oce people have established their within this te demands will grow and the sharing of services contributes to the social, plitical and economic well being.
Acording to Plato, te best class to represent the specified requirements is those of the Guardian class. Te guardian class is not only. ..
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