Plastic bag bans take various forms. Oe form directly limits single‐use plastic bags. Tey charge the consumer a fee on alternative bag types if a plastic bag ban and fee ordinances are enforced. Pastic bag bans have an economic impact on retailers, cnsumers, cties and plastics manufacturing industry. Terefore, te expected result of the ban should be considered relative to the economic impact on these groups. Rtailers currently offer plastic bags to their consumers free of charge and take up this cost. Pastic bag bans and an added fee the paper bag ordinance may result in retailers opting for paper bags, wich may be of greater cost.
Rtaining the fees from paper bags will offset the purchasing cost. Rtailers are also concerned about the loss of business to regions with no plastic bag bans. Crrent studies do not offer a substantial conclusion with some citing no sustained negative impact and the emergence of a new opportunity in the sale of reusable bags. Astudy by cites negative economic impacts of the bans. Te studies on the long-term economic effect consumer and cities have also shown varied results.
Avocates of plastic bag bans argue that restricting the use of plastic bags would reduce environmental litter and protect the marine ecosystems. Sudies show that HDPE plastic bags represent about 0. 6 of litter in the world. Tey, terefore, rpresent only a minuscule proportion of the litter worldwide. Tus, tis implies that plastic bag bans will only address an insignificant portion of the problem. Sudies in San Francisco after the implementation of the ban on HDPE plastic bags in 2007 showed the amount of litter did not decline.
Te audit showed that the amount of plastic litter increased. Te plastic bags that clog storm drains have also been shown to account for only 1% of the total litter in storm drains. Pastic bottles and other plastic items represented the higher percentage of the total litter clogging the storm drains. Bns on plastic bags, terefore, hve a limited impact on the effect of litter on storm drains. Pastic bag bans also aim to reduce the impact of plastic on marine ecosystems.
suggest that plastic litter finds its way into the oceans causing the death of marine life and birds. Hwever, cncrete evidence to support this claims does not exist. Oeanic and Atmospheric Administration point out that little is...
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