This is created by putting a great number of people at the bottom than at the top. The strong members of the group form the base while the lighter members are put on the top. This makes it possible for the team to perform stunt that involve holding and tossing the cheerleader up in the air. Stunt depends on having the right number of people forming the top and bottom in the pyramid. In stunt, balancing is important so as to help in supporting the weight exerted at top of the pyramid level. Even distribution of weight aids the cheerleader in maintaining the level of the pyramid besides the supporters. This will make the pyramid not to dip on one side hence making it look more attractive to the audience. In advanced stunt tossing of the body is accompanied by flipping and twisting concurrently while in the air in conjunction with gymnastic knowledge to add dynamic component of physic in cheerleading. On landing, the supporters are forced to bend their knees so as to receive the cheerleader from the air to reduce force which is acting on the cheerleader from above.When the cheerleader is rotating into the air, the arms are expected to cross over the chest inwardly and open them on landing so as to slow down the speed. This is referred to as torque. It is also defined as the product of force and radius when an individual rotates with the ability to overcome resistance to rotation. Torque is therefore calculated as:With change of time and force involved in the travelling of the cheerleader into the air, other physic components such as kinetic energy, tension, potential energy and torque are incorporated. As the cheerleader is up into the air, many physical components take place such as round offs, rolls, back-hand springs and cart-wheels. Apart from stunting, dancing, jumps and motions are involved in cheerleading. When thrown up in the air, an individual will use the hands and arms to rotate and flip in the air. This is only determined by momentum used by the supporters. It can be calculated by getting the product of mass and object speed (Buckley & Paul, 1996, p19).Knudson & Duane (2003, p 35) asserts that another applied component of physics is the gravitational force which is defined as the acceleration of object from another object which is caused by force. Basket toss is a good example in which gravitational force is applied in cheerleading. This is where the
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