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Philosophy Essay

He nature of Descartes' program of radical doubt in the first two meditations of his Meditations on First Philosophy
Argument by casting doubt on the truth of all sense perception and this would only take place if while dreaming, one first acknowledges the impression of illogical products as real where a dreaming person may have difficulty differentiating between the dream and reality. Descartes says “How often has it happened to me that in the night I dreamt that I found myself in this particular place, that I was dressed and seated near the fire, whilst in reality I was lying undressed in bed!By this
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How are the categorical imperative (Kant) and/or the greatest happiness principle (Mill) applied in law
This means that motivation to fulfill the outlined duties is an indication of the respect of whatever law that makes that action to be a duty (Anthony 29).On his part, Mill described justice as a component of law in terms of utilitarian functions. According to Mill utilitarianism refers to a standard of morality whose ultimate goal is to achieve happiness with the majority of the population (Mill 16). Mill summarizes utilitarianism through his principle of the Greatest Happiness. This principle
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Utilitarianism Mill and Bentham
(2011), utilitarianism is “a normative ethical theory under ethical Naturalism” and also a “teleological – consequential (outcome based) – ethical theory”. (Larsen, 2011) This means that Utilitarianism ideally judges actions based upon their outcome in society in producing the greatest good for the greatest number of people, and that the ‘utility’ of an action can be calculated through its use in the production of this social good. Utilitarianism as a guide to personal behavior
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Entering the conversation
King expresses that the reasons why an individual should eat properly because it has its effects much larger in scale for both an individual and for the environment around. For an individual, good health is the reason why eating well is important. The reason why a balanced diet exists is to promote proper nutritional intake and balance for a person when he or she eats. Having too much of eating is just as bad as not eating.Parasecoli’s article takes reference from a neurologist turned chef by
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Explain Kants response to Humes skepticism & whether or not the divine pre-formation theory answers the problems in Kants theory
In hunt for the essential “good”, Kant did not accept as a true fact that anything that was inherently happiness, good or pleasure could result out of evil deeds. He did not believe that good character traits as courage, intelligence, ingenuity among others, could all be a medium through which bad deeds were implemented. Thus, he used the word “good” to mean a resolution to act purely according to one’s duty. Alternatively, Kant argues that if we have pre-determined actions, they
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American Indian and Western Europe on the history, culture and environmental crisis
“Notwithstanding the fearful and menacing array of savages on every side of her, no apprehension on her own account could prevent the noble-minded maiden from keeping her eyes fastened on the pale and anxious features of the trembling Alice.”3 While this was not an unmitigated fear, as some white settlers’ wives were caught and captured to be made part of the Indian tribes, this fear was largely propagated by white people—and widely-circulated as rumor that Indians were always on the
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Abortion and virtue
Similarly, they probe if it promotes eudemonia (happiness). Regardless of the antagonism within the debate, the justification of abortion must be grounded on suitable reasons that avail the best options to both the mother and the unborn. The take of virtue ethics on abortion puts into account the mother’s character, emotional attachment to the child, desires, thoughts, and the social relationships of all parties. The approach offers flexibility by avoiding being immersed in extremes
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The State and the Individual
Such issues form the basis of controversy and long drawn debates relative to public health in the US. The Supreme Court has described inter-state commerce as being amongst economic activities that impact the country’s economy. Given that the health care sector impacts the country’s economy, it becomes implied from this argument that the federal government has the right to control health care through legislation. Although the US Supreme Court and Constitution do not acknowledge the
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Kant - Duty of Beneficence in Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals and Metaphysics of Morals
When we love others, we get satisfied by their happiness although this costs us nothing. Although we cannot pay back for all kindness, we should not run away from our obligation to gratitude. Even without an act, the benefactor is entitled to a heartfelt benevolence.Kant notes that we should actively sympathize with the fate of others, for example, by seeking out and helping the poor and the sick instead of sympathizing with them while avoiding the residences of very poor people or shunning
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Has humanity progressed
Groups are fighting with each other on grounds of religion, and the threat factor has increased so much that despite majority of the religions fighting preach peace, yet their believers are displaying the worst form of human rights violation. Although many may argue that the popularity of democracy shows that the social contract may exist, but the truth remains that despite our actions to solve our issues with the help of a central authoritative body, we still have the same mentality and thus
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Your Philosophy in regards to the readings , Your thought, reflection and perspective about the non-violence, mourning, and parables
This is as long as such negative effects do not touch on the lifestyle of the people. According to Emma Goldman, people are responsible for the problems they encounter. This is as most people are not ready to stand for what they believe is correct. Lack of ideals which guide a certain society leads to be prone to manipulation by external forces. The writers mourn the state with which people live and the neglect governments have on people. The writer shows this through several examples such as
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Philosophy Essay 2
On the other hand, Proletariat works to earn wages and they own little or no property. Similarly, Marx depicts that due to the polarisations of the classes within a society, members of the intermediate classes would be converted into either Proletariat or the Bourgeoisie. Nevertheless, Marx argued that as a result of economic growth and the establishment of stock companies, the level of employment would improve leading to more jobs thus resulting to emergence of middle class.The major area that
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Crash paper
Kant in his belief that in our endeavor to value other rational being as ends and not merely as means to an end, we are obliged in all circumstances never to damage, interfere with or to misuse in any way the ability of a human being to make a free will decision.John Stuart Mill, a philosopher, makes several arguments concerning utilitarianism, he corrects the misconceptions that have been said concerning this subject. One of the arguments that mill disagrees with states that life has no higher
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Black men and racial profiling
The entire concept along with the term itself is controversial. According to common belief, racial profiling takes place when police apprehends someone for questioning without any concrete evidence. Such arrests are done mainly because of racial identity. However, this is a narrow description as it has a broader meaning. Racial profiling includes all such arrests or detainments that are done based on several factors one of which is race. Police can make arrests for several other reasons like
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Is marriage a public relation, a private one, or some other kind of relation
The media both print and online have been buzzed by this contentious debate. This may indicate the importance of marriage as an institution. Underscoring this aspect is the fact that even governments have been involved in the analysis, with legislators drafting bills and discussing the subject of same sex marriage among other issues in the floor of the legislative houses. Moreover, one point is for sure; it is up to the individuals involved in marriage to make the final decision of these
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Philosophical and Ethical Concepts
To conclude that it is more closely related to Libertarian Theory rather than to Authoritarian Theory, because its basic idea is to justify the freedom and independence of journalists. To verify this, one needs to analyze the features of both theories as applied to the field of mass media. Libertarian Theory is based on the notion of Freedom of Speech and Press. As a result, it defines journalism as a sphere, which should be based primarily on the freedom of journalists on the theme and methods
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Making Ethical Change
Though he was a very lively personality and everyone was used to enjoy his company whenever meet him. But at that time he was looking like the most serious and depressed person on the planet. I was a little shocked to see him like this. Nevertheless, I noticed that when he looked on us, his face was shinning like a star and it seemed that he is really happy to find us at the old nursing home. I was anxious to ask him about his life style in the nursing home. I felt that he is not receiving a
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Answer Philosophy Questions
The second principles of Kant’s formulation outlines that one should act in such a way that you treat humanity as an end in itself and not merely as a means to an end. In this case, a morally right act should be in line with the requirement of human dignity since rationality is a salient feature of humans and source of autonomy and dignity (Wood 89). A moral agent is thus obligated to respect this human dignity and value in oneself and in others. The third formulation offered by Kant is that
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Comparative analysis
The holy Bible stipulates that God created the world and everything in it. He created a complex system with a variety of creatures, many of which scientist have not named yet. However, humans have the power to influence the world around with aspects such as pollution and deforestation. God separated and from the sea and put living creatures in both masses. It follows that God controls the world. The orderly nature of the world, ecosystems, and natural environment prove that they must have some
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Evaluating Fictive-Narrative
The esophagus is the channel that the food follows, so as to make blood. The food enters the stomach, then liver and also the heart. The heart pumps the blood to other body parts or organs through the phlebes. Aristotle was taught by his father that blood is the main source of nourishment to the body. Therefore, John illustrated adequate capabilities of being a natural scientist.John was effectively guided in his medical training by the medical school lecturers, instructors and technicians. He
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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