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Philosophy Essay

Robert M. Adams, Moral arguments for Theistic Belief
Such theories, if someone is inclined to take them, can of course get the basis of theism argument. He thinks it is very important to discuss, and at greater depth than the advantages, the alleged disadvantages of celestial command metaethics. Advantages may be easily acknowledged, but the disadvantages are normally thought to be decisive. He argues that, they these disadvantages are not decisive. There he takes the reader through three major objections that are particularly significant for the
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Homosexuality & American Psychiatry by Ronald Bayer
Furthermore, the article and the book are parts of the discourses that oppose each other, one claiming that homosexuality is a disease (TVC) and another implying that this is a variation of normal sexual habit (Bayer). In the TVC article, the following claims about the issue are made:1) Homosexuality was removed from the DSM list under the political pressure and without any significant scientific support. An instructive example is how both sides of the debate speculate about the lack of
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Essay
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How race, gender and sexual orientation appeal to some underlying biological influences
Race has been conventionally considered to classify population according to communal biological traits like genes, hair, eyes, and other apparent physical features (Drewnowski et al. While race expresses a common characteristic among a number of people, it is used profoundly to emphasize cultural and social characteristics and not biological influences (Drewnowski et al. Therefore, the attempts to study the biological influences in race are something that is not feasible. In fact, “if races
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A response to the prompt
Humans are animal; they belong to same kingdom as any other animals, Kingdom Animalia (Myers, n. Therefore, this includes humans in the chain of life. Although man made it to be on top of the food chain due to his intelligence, this doesn’t except human from being an animal. All living things plays role in food chain.It was established that humans are animals, an omnivore to be specific. An omnivore is a kind of animal that eats either other animals or plants, or both. This implies that
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Existentialism Theories
(Existentialist Thinkers and Ethics, 2006).Jean-Paul Sartre, commonly considered the father of Existentialist philosophy and arguably the best known philosopher of the twentieth century (Jean-Paul Sartre, 2011), defines freedom as “not a being; it is the being of man-i. his nothingness of being. If we start by conceiving of man as a plenum, it is absurd to try and find in him afterwards moments or psychic regions in which he would be free. As well look for emptiness in a container which one
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Topic: how would Fredrickson explain or define the contemporary social gay movement in USA
Gayness and lesbianism is one such self-evidenced truth commonly exhibited in the American society. Such fundamental historical figures as George M. Fredrickson have elaborated on self-evident truths giving their own definitions of both the society and the types of truths. In his article, Models of American Relations: A Historical Perspective. Fredrickson explains the four ethnic relations, and the differences between dominant and non-dominant groups in a society. Fredrickson asserted that a
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Comparing and Contrasting the Principles of Ethical Relativism
Many practices which would be right long time age are falsified in the modern world. The early Greeks felt proud of stealing, but in this era we consider it as wrong. Some villages in Uganda think that they have no responsibility over their children but it is condemned in our modernized world.In the modern world also Dos in one culture are DONTs in other cultures. Like eating beef is DO in USA but DON’T in India. Alcohol and gambling is DO in USA but don’t in Muslims countries. Killing
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Political Philosophy 3 paper
Further, Epicurus felt that people needed to focus on the aspects of life that made them happy as part of living a fulfilled life. However, this philosopher had a queer belief in matters related to God and other gods, but acknowledged their existence. In essence, Epicurus believed that these higher deities received much accreditation for what they truly were not. For him, ill fate befell those that lived wicked lives and blessings followed those that did well hence questioning the credibility
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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What is Knowledge
She told me that I would notice physical changes on my body as pass through different stages of growth and she reminded me that I should not panic when I notice such things. It has been empirically proved that a person goes through different biological changes as he grows from adolescence to maturity. Indeed, I have witnessed some of these changes and that did not surprise me since I had already gained valuable knowledge about such things from my mother. A person who tells you the truth about
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Hume's
It comprises merely in producing unprejudiced views, advancing by inch by inch from sound first principles, an assessing one’s conclusion regularly and cautiously. The skepticism of Enquiry is viewed as a form of resultant skepticism. This are consequent skepticism questions our customary deductions and reasoning by doubting the premise on which they are secured. According to Hume, the specific testimony of senses, which imply to us the subsistence of a world outward to and free of our
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Oath Paper
I will uphold my integrity and give correct results to my colleges for coming up with correct conclusion of the patient’s analysis. It is unjust to hold patients information from colleagues because this can lead to deterioration of a patient’s health.I have written this oath by starting with “I” instead of “We” because I believe Oath taking is a personal thing. This will make it serious since every individual will be personally saying the Oath. When a person is speaking himself,
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Domestic surveillance or spying on Americans by government
That is, the constitution will not be followed by the military when dealing with such cases because they will have access various phone calls, emails and chats by different people. Additionally, they would need the court to grant a warrant for the monitoring body to access the information. He further explained that the law sometimes fails to guarantee security to the population. This is evident sometimes when cops arrest and charge wrong persons or obtain authority to conduct searches in
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Analyze an exchange between Socrates and Polemarchus or Thrasymychus in Book 1 of The Republic
Thrasymachus intervened to offer a better definition of justice and accused Socrates of asking measly questions rather than seeking a definite answer for reaching a consensus.In reply to the antagonism and resentment of Thrasymachus, Socrates unveiled, in what the former stated as “ironical style”. This is succeeded by the speech of Socrates when he made a genuine attempt to pacify Thrasymachus by replying “do you say that we are weakly yielding to one another and not doing our utmost to
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Explain a specific Pre-Socratic philosopher and his/her major ideas OR a comparison of two Pre-Socratic philosophers and their conflicting ideas/theories
Zeno’s paradoxes, coming from the assumption that Zeno composed a single work including as many as forty antimonies, are defenses of Parmenides’ way of seeing the world (Proclus, Morrow and Dillon 29). Ultimately, the point of Zeno’s work and of his discussion with Socrates is to defend these arguments that attempt to destroy traditional understandings of motion and ontology (Palmer).Much attention to Zeno’s work has been paid to reconstructing his arguments from the texts of other
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Argue one side of free will from a philosophical view
We need third party solutions in order to exercise our own ‘Free Will’ e. usage of lights at lights, driving vehicles to work or talking to a relative on the phone who is hundreds of miles away. The important thing to note is that even though we may claim to have free will it is limited in its actuality in most cases. The same can be seen in terms of determinism, we as humans can estimate some form of the future in certain instances. We are capable of determining the future behavior of
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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What obligations do multinational corporations have when doing business in a global context
Many multinational corporations have made their money by exploiting children; an example in this sense includes the use of child labor in the cocoa farms of Ivory Coast. In this example, a lack of universal ethical standards to guide global business leads to MNCs using illegal practices to generate more profits. On another note, most MNCs are moving to developing countries because of access to raw materials and cheap labor. This allows the MNCs to cut on production costs and to generate more
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Morality and the Desire for Happiness. Aristotle,Mill and Kant theories
He suggests that the goal of a human being should be achieving the proper virtues rather than acquiring material possessions. In this case, "virtue is its own reward (Aristotle 79). “This means that true happiness can only be attained through acquiring and nurturing the virtues that makeup a human life (Aristotle, 82).Utilitarianism refers to an ethical philosophy or principle that was generated by an English philosopher-economist known as Jeremy Bentham that alludes to the greatest good is
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Explain clearly and charitably, and then criticize or defend Robert Nozick's arguments in favor of an entitlement principle of distribution, as opposed to end-state and patterned principles/
Others forcibly exclude other people from competing in the exchanges. These methods and modes are not permissible ways of transition from a situation to another because they are unlawful and unfair. The existence of the injustices and mean not sanctioned by the principle leads to the third topic under justice in holdings, the rectification of injustice in holdings (Corlett 234).Nozick suggests that the rectification of injustice in holding tries to determine what ought to be done to rectify the
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How would Rousseau, Nietzsche, and Freud assess the civilizing process
Freud sights three different factors that constitute the dangers leading to man constructing constraints leading to this civilization process. In his citations, he refers to the dangers that people face from the external world, posed to the society, causing them to lean in certain direction to curve their survival. The external factors that he cites from nature do not include aspects of floods, storm and earthquake but rather, factors such as extreme cold, danger of other living creatures and
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Class,but not race
However, according to Kahlenberg, a more root cause of disparity that exists between blacks and whites is not predicated upon skin color alone; rather, Kahlenberg argues that it is predicated upon class. Said Kahlenberg, “Race-based affirmative action tells the most disadvantaged whites that you have very little in common with African Americans, because you have white skin privilege”…“If the goal is to unite people of all races, this policy is a disaster” (Judis 1). According to
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