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Philosophy Essay

Virtue ethics and the ethics of care
On the other hand, Manning believes that actions of morality widen from persons caring each other on an individual level. Through growing the abilities to care for other persons, people become aware morally of how to behave on particular cases. When asking, “How do I live?” Manning and Aristotle will approach with variant factors (Slote, 201). The manner in which individual people reply to the question contains unique excellence areas and areas that the question poses challenge. Basing on
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Anselm's Proslogion, Chapter II--The Ontological Proof of God
The criticism leveled by St. Thomas Aquinas was so strong, that it was said to have laid the argument dormant for centuries.David Hume also leveled a criticism against cosmological argument in his work Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, which broadly applies to the Ontological Argument as well. Hume stated that existence of something cannott be established based on a priori reasoning. And whatever we can conceive of existing, we can also conceive of the non-existence of the same. More
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B. Compare and contrast the ethical theories of Aristotle and Immanuel Kant as outlined in Chapter 9. What are the strengths and weaknesses of each of these positions Which one do you believe is the most likely to be correct Why
Therefore, human beings are directed and guided in nature by their choice or preference for participating in pleasant activities rather than in unpleasant activities. True happiness lies in behavior that leads to virtue, since this alone provides genuine value and not just amusement. In sum, Aristotle held that contemplation is the highest form of ethic activity because it is self-reliant, complete, and continuous.According to Aristotle, every activity posses a final cause and the aim for the
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A Manifesto
And this is expressed and seen in my design. Getting it out of me to make a good design is not an easy process and could take time but I believe that it will be worth the effort because the output would surely be beautiful.My personal values about design are a lot. Firstly, I truly believe that art imitates life. In this aspect, graphic design is one of the expressions of art. Design is an expression of my collective self, of what I observed around my surrounding, what I felt, what I think.
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A.Looking at Platos Allegory of the Cave, what is the purpose of education And what is the responsibility of the educated b.What is learning for Plato and how does he express it
Those students who progress farthest in higher education may be reluctant to leave the world of well-read theoretical scholars to revisit their communities and share what they have learned. As the prisoners souls are ever rushing into the superior humanity where they wish to inhabit, the hearts and souls of the best educated may desire to remain in their new zone of humanity instead of affecting what they gained for the betterment of their place of origin (Woodruff 22).Plato argues that the
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Philosophy : Metaethics
Likewise, Paul Moser and Thomas Carson assert, “moral realism implies that some things are good or bad or right or wrong independently of facts about the attitudes (for example the beliefs and desires) of moral agents—even under ideal conditions” (Cuneo, 2007: 34-35). There are certain uncertainties inherent to and dissimilarities between such descriptions of moral realism. Widespread among them, however, is the argument that the moral realist is focused on the moral facts’ inherently
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2. To what extent do you feel that genetic experimentation and development should be allowed, especially experiments that involve the creation of human life in the laboratory, stem cell research, and the cloning of human beings Answer in detail, providin
Conversely, reproductive cloning involves implanting the lab-generated embryo stem cell into a human being. The offspring from such a process will be identical to the donor individual.Genetic experimentation that eventually leads to the creation of human life is highly controversial because it involves two contradictory objectives: to preserve life through medical intervention and to destroy potential sources of life for the sake of existing ones. It should be noted that stem cell research that
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Truth and Represenation
It is however critical to understand that it is not fair to totally do away with exams but should consider having standard exams in place since this can enhance proper learning by helping in development of the best curriculum and looking at the students ability. A standard exam here refers to a test which goes way beyond just what is taught and read in class but includes questions which tackle life challenges and experiences, in this way, exams would be part and parcel of teach (Victoria,
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Mind and body
These include: oral, anal, phallic, latent and genital stages (Cherry, nap).Freud also developed a theory of dreams to explain the unconscious mind. For him, dreams are “a royal road to the unconscious” (Austrian 14). They reveal repressed memories from childhood desires unfulfilled. He emphasized on the role of instincts especially sexual instincts in driving people to dream. He interpreted dreams through free association whereby women would narrate their experiences revealing their hidden
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Answer questions
However, they are always in need of a government to guide them and they ought to obey the law. In all situations where there is a government and citizens, the citizens have the obligation to obey the law. Therefore, from a social contract approach, Socrates argument is right. This is because he still obeys the law, since as a citizen, he made a promise to obey, even when the law seems unjust. In Plato’s Crito, Socrates considers the question of whether to escape prison in order to avoid the
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Summarizing the Argument and Considering Areas for Further Research
Time as the early Mahayana literature.Two major images of women emerge from these Buddhist and Gnostic texts:(1) women as sensual, seductive, and capable of entrapping others in the cycle of birth and death; and (2) women as compassionate, wise, and capable of enlightening others and leading them towards the divine realm.The material I have chosen to examine falls into four categories: (1) Buddhist and Gnostic myths about the fall of humanity, (2) Buddhist and Gnostic attitudes towards
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Tolstoy and Swenson
The question, which haunted the famous writer and turned his life into a nightmare, was raised up with the maximum simplicity and honesty: does life have a meaning, which is not destroyed by the inevitability of death? Serving the art, the progress of mankind, and people becomes meaningless without an understanding of the general meaning of life. Personal development, consumption and accumulation of vital goods seem to be pointless against the background of transience of human existence.
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Comparsion of ST. Augustine and Plato
Plato sees the source of knowledge in the human mind, which stores all the necessary knowledge, and people should help their souls “recall” it (Williams 1). Unlike Plato, as a Christian theologian, Augustine argues "the thesis that God plays an active role in human cognition by somehow illuminating the individuals mind so that it can perceive the intelligible realities which God simultaneously presents to it" (Mendelson).Augustine’s understanding of the soul is similar to that of Plato.
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ETHICS (Nietzsche, Daly, and Beauvoir)
An individual becomes free to articulate one’s life according to individually set morals. This is a path to fulfillment since a person commits to the life that one sees rather than be detained by a moral order that is inconsistent with the concrete needs of the individual.Transformation from all values refers to redefinition of morality to suit the individual disposition. It involves detaching oneself from the overrated moral order and forming new morals that respect the power of life. In
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Write about the book a discourse on Inequality by Rousseau. REQUIREMENTS ARE IN THE ORDER DESCRIPTION
He argues that human beings have greatly deviated from their natural forms. It took the form of isolation and various liberties and freedom exploited to satisfy the desires and needs of a particular individual. In his view, Rousseau identifies and characterizes the civil society as a prank to ensure that the rich in the society continuously dominate while the poor remain at the lower levels (Rousseau 82). There is exploitation perpetuated in the particular scenario with an aim of maintaining
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3 part philosophy paper
Things are real through touch, smell, sight, hearing, and taste. For example, when a person picks up a rock, the person can know it exists through his or her experience of touch. He or she can feel the rock’s texture, temperature, and weight with his or her hand. Similarly, a person can also know the rock is real through the sense of taste, smell, sight, and hearing. 5 However, reality does not end through sensory observation. Reality is informed by sensory perceptions and in this regard,
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Thomas Aquinas Question 5: the general framework of good
Second, the relation of goodness with the ultimate end and third, the order in goodness, as being the way it is divided.According to Summa theology, the Aquinas Question 5 relates to general goodness. The question mainly deals with the idea and thought regarding goodness and our being. Which has the priority in our thought process? Is there any cause related to goodness and is this attribute seen in species, mode or order? How does goodness relate to pleasantness, virtues and usefulness? The
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Final Topic Questions
These include aims, plans, cares, troubles, interests, establishments, and institutions of Europe. Meanwhile, a typical European Man works on different levels, in a variety of societies, in nations, races, and families. The activities or aspects of European man’s society are intimately joined together in the spirit – in the unity of one spiritual image. Persons, groups, as well as their cultural achievements/accomplishments, are collectively unified by the aforementioned aspects.On the
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Midterm Paper
Because he doubts everything about science, because there is nothing to prove its existence then he decides that for science to be considered real, there has to be proof of the existence of God. According to him, something cannot simply exist on their own without some form of support from a greater power. Just as human beings have roots of their existence in God, science is no exception therefore. Descartes believes that for all other things to be real, science also, he has to believe in the
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Defend the position that Plato takes that philosophers should be rulers, or the contrary, that rulers should not be philosophers
Therefore, he was able to verify that justice is not based on chance, togetherness, or external forces. He was able to provide different meaning of justice hence people could easily understand what he meant. For instance, the people living in Athens accepted that justice cannot be obtained without three elements (reason, spirit, and appetite). Democracy also prevailed after people had realized that their souls operated without affecting other elements in the body. There are also three
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