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Philosophy Essay

John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism
Mill was a strong advocate of utilitarianism although his conception of it was very different from Bentham's. Mill published Utilitarianism 1861 in installments in Fraser’s Magazine and was later brought out in book form in 1863. It offers a contender for the first principle of morality.
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Jeremy Bentham: Elder Statesman of English Philosophy
Bentham became involved with politics itself in 1781 when he became close to Earl of Shelburne, making his way into the ranks of Whig lawyers and politicians, following the publication of his first major work, A Fragment on Government.To these lawyers and politicians, Bentham’s work left the little effect.
Pages: 8 (1500 words), Essay
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Justice, Fairness, And Equity In Philosophical Context
The first part will be the introduction where the aims and questions to be addressed by the paper will be presented. The second part will contain the discussion regarding Rawls’ difference principle. And the third part will be attempting to work out if there is a better alternative to Rawls’ difference principle. This paper adds to the clarification of the concept of justice.
Pages: 11 (2750 words), Essay
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Justice or moral uprightness of human soul according to plato
For instance, in some cultures specific drug use or other similar actions are legalized. Is it then appropriate to say that justice is wrong in one culture and right in another? Even if one were to indicate as much, it’s clear that the individuals in the society embrace their concept of justice. In these regards, it appears that in large part Socrates does not go far enough in considering the culturally conditioned aspects of justice, such as religion, or other socially constructed
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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John Mcdowell - Virtue and Reason
The virtuous person and the non-virtuous person have the same sensitivity to what virtue requires, so as a result, it cannot be the case that knowledge of what virtue requires is what separates the virtuous from the non-virtuous. Socrates overcomes this problem by claiming that the difference between a virtuous person and a non-virtuous person is ignorance. Unlike Aristotle, Socrates does not need to account for this objection with the existence of a desire or a clouded judgment, which is the
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Justification and Crisis of Modern Science
This is because Locke believed that knowledge is mainly based on learning from “expereince”.According to him, a newly born baby has no form of expereince therefore has no type of knowledge. Although Locke understood that expereince depicts two forms – one centered on “reflection” or reasoning and the other on “sensation”, he openly implied that all automated expereinces are secondary derived from those obtained through the senses (Dunn, 1999). This happens even if the mind may
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Japanese Philosophy - What do you think Zen means by Enlightenment
This is significant as it indicates the central and timeless nature of the concept.While traditional notions of asceticism are considered, one of the prominent themes that Suzuki establishes early on is that of Enlightenment emerging from an internal path. Suzuki states, “The reason why the Buddha so frequently refused to answer metaphysical problems was partly due to his conviction that the ultimate truth was to be realized in oneself through one’s own efforts” (Suzuki, p. Indeed, there
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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John Rawls - Political Liberalism - Choose 1 out of 2 suggested topics
It is also essential to comprehend what a democratic society means.A democratic society is a free society. A free society is composed of citizens with dissimilar worldviews. People have different conceptions about what is wrong or right; people have different religious beliefs, and people value various forms and pursuits of interpersonal relations. Democratic people will have different aims in life and will want to act according to their beliefs, yet in a society, there can only be one law. One
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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John Perry's theory of personal identity
In such a case, the individual losses their interactive ability with others, but there is the subconscious side of their memory which is spared (Perry 35). These memories are those that control areas like walking style, type of laugh and the instruments they can play. Due to the sharp contrast in the areas lost and those maintained, this theory has been criticized in many ways.It is important to make a comparison of the memory theory with the body, which maintains that, an individual is
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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John Rawls and John Mill
Although Rawls is aware of the existing societies, he presents an ideal case compared to Mill. This is because he gives an ideal system of justice that is both measurable and critic to a society. In his analysis, Mill talks of a theory that would apply not only to penal but also distributive justice.
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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James Rachels argues in favour of a retributivist theory of punishment. Wright, Cullen, and Beaver question whether punishment works and argue cautiously in favour of rehabilitation over incapacitation, deterrence, and retribution. Is retribution the best
In other words, people should be paid back with their deserts. This view reflects the general understanding of morality in the society.The opponents of the retributive theory argue that the feelings of giving back to criminals what they deserve are primitive and unenlightened (Rachels, 2014). Religious views also consider retribution as revengeful and unacceptable. Critics suggest that vengeance is not the best and acceptable course of action. However, Rachels (2014) suggests that this
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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Jean Paul Sartre
This implies there exist billions of relations between physical and non-physical entities that collectively make up the universe. However, each one of us defines existence based on personal perspective. For instance, we are aware of human existence and the physical infrastructure around us. However, existence is much more than what we can perceive with our five common senses. From Sartre’s bulb moment on superfluous existence, it can be argued that existence, just like universe, is infinite.
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Job Redesign and Workplace Reward
The work culture of the modern world is always a concern; firms are aiming at cutting down on their operational costs and as a result, most firms are opting for casual hourly workers at the expense of salaried employees. Research, however, indicates that hourly employees have a high sense of extrinsic motivation but less intrinsic motivation because they obliged to perform or because of the rewards and incentives they are to receive at the end. For this reason, an overhaul of this culture will
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Judith Thomsons Responsibility Argument
As one can clearly see this is a clear allusion to abortion.What is more important is that one can also name several duties that people have with regard to the question above. First of all, it is their duty to use means of protection that are available, primarily the above mentioned screens. The author suggests that there might be more extreme ways to make sure that people-seeds would not take a root as getting rid of all the furniture in the house (perform hysterectomy) or seal all doors and
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Journal of Business Ethics
Many do not agree with the assumption of the Global Compact that globalization in its current form can be made sustainable and equitable, even if accompanied by the implementation of standards for human rights, labour, and the environment because they are well aware that many corporations would like nothing better than to wrap themselves in the flag of UN in order to blue wash their public image. Williams argues that they should respond to any criticism of their practices and discuss corrective
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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