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Philosophy-Great Works of Western Philosophy 2

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Plato’s Phaedo details the final days of the great philosopher Socrates. Tis is a dialogue between Socrates and his student Phaedo, nrrated from the latter’s perspective. Hre Socrates discusses the nature of the afterlife along with other relevant arguments including the immortality of the soul and the nature of recollection. A the argument proceeds, aman recollects things he must have known at some previous time. Scrates offers four arguments to explain the immortality of the soul. Te doctrine of recollection suggests that all learning is a matter of we already know.

Tis is possible due to the immortality of the soul. Te soul carries knowledge of things from our previous lives, wich we tend to forget at birth. Hwever, te forgotten knowledge can be recovered by recollecting the knowledge through proper questioning. Te very act of recollection of the knowledge forgotten at birth is a sound testimony to the fact that our soul existed even before we were born. A the soul is immortal, te knowledge it gathers remains with us prior to our birth. Bt we at birth, wich can be recovered again by recollection.

Te main implication of Socrates’ doctrine of recollection, tus, mintains that the soul exists prior to birth, wich further means that the life of the soul extends beyond the life of the body. 3: I Metaphysics A, Aistotle maintains that universal first principles are "the hardest for men to know" and yet "[the] most knowable". Eplain how these apparently conflicting descriptions can be reconciled? Aistotle’s Metaphysics is one of the greatest philosophical works by the author and the first work the branch of philosophy by the same name.

Te work includes discussion of a number of Aristotelian ideas addressing the primary philosophical topics. Te metaphysical treatises of Aristotle are referred to different books named by Greek letters such as Alpha or A (Book 1), lttle alpha or  (Book 2), Bta or B (Book 3), ad so on. Mtaphysics A is the first among the Aristotelian treatises. I outlines the Aristotelian notion of ‘first philosophy’, wich is a knowledge of the first principles or causes of things. suggests that thorough knowledge of first causes and principles makes wise men eligible to command rather than to obey.

Te knowledge of the causes and. ..

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preview essay on Philosophy-Great Works of Western Philosophy 2
  • Pages: 7 (1750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Unsorted
  • Level: Ph.D.
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