Those who believe in intrinsic goals without expecting external rewards or approval are able to reach a valuable and satisfactory quality of life. Tose who believe that extrinsic goals like external rewards and approval tend to lower their well being and have greater distress in the long run ( Roberts and Clement, 80). Oher researchers believed that extrinsic goals like financial success, scial recognition, ad an appealing appearance was negatively related to a good quality of life which resulted in poor adjustment, por mental health and distress. Te intrinsic of affiliation, cmmunity feeling, pysical fitness, ad self-acceptance were more valuable and extremely satisfying.
Aother research found that chasing financial goals specifically lowered positive effect (Solberg, Dener, ad Robinson, 2004). Mterialistic values are not good coping strategies in long term considerations just like drinking and sex in short term strategies (Kasser, 2002). wich are the collective –oriented values (Burroughs and Rindfleisch, 2002). Teorists are seen to project opposing views on materialism. Tose who work from an evolutionary aspect suggest that conspicuous consumption and the wish to acquire new technologiesand are universally observed in almost all human beings who have the aim of boosting wealth, satus and resourcefulness to become ‘one to rub shoulders with’ (Zahavi, 1975).
Hman beings nurse the tendency to advertise themselves throughconspicuous consumption (Van Kempen, 2003). Mny psychological approaches counsel against the striving for materialism (Polak and McCullough, 2006, 344). Mterial possessions are necessary for basic physical needs but the focus on possessions and wealth affects the passage to happiness and fulfillment (Kasser, 2002). Mterialism can produce psychological tension causing an obstacle to well-being (Burroughs Rindfleisch, 2002).
rquirements like ‘safety, cmpetence, cnnectedness, ad autonomy’, te problem of insecurity moves in (Kasser et al, 2004). Te psychological insecurity and the efforts to cope with the insecurity both can be termed materialistic (Kasser and Sheldon, 2000). Te coping mechanism worsens the feeling of insecurity. Pople tended to more materialism if possessing the experiences of chronic self doubt or having a chronic anomie but convinced about the lack of norms or regulations (Chang and Arkin, 2002). Prenting styles that cause dissatisfaction in children...
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