These are: panned formative assessments and interactive assessments. A the name suggests, panned formative assessments are those that are use to obtain tangible evidence on the way pupils think about a concept that they have been taught in class. Tese types of assessments are normally semi-formal and may be taken at the beginning or at the end of a certain topic. I these assessments, sme assessment activities are prepared to furnish evidence that can be used to improve pupils’ learning. Te information that is elicited from such an used to gauge the level of understanding of the students and to structure instruction so that knowledge and skill development are enhanced (Tuttle 2009).
Iteractive assessment takes place during the interaction process between teacher and pupil. Hll and Burke (2004) describe this assessment as the one that includes incidental and ongoing assessments which arise from learning activities and it cannot be anticipated. Tis means that interactive assessments can occur at any time as the teacher and pupils are interacting in a learning setting (Black, Hrrison and William 2003). Tis at improving learning through mediation and intervention.
Te teacher may notice or recognize the learner’s thinking and can then respond to it appropriately. Tis kind of assessments is considered to be more pupil and teacher driven than it is curriculum driven. Ulike planned assessment that results in permanent information, iteractive assessment accrues information that is ephemeral (Sadler 1998). Tis means that the teacher can identify weak areas in the child’s learning and correct them quickly so as to avoid accumulated misconception on the learner’s side. Frmative assessments can in form of observations, wrksheets, pp quizzes, jurnals and diagnostic tests.
Oservation involves the instructor making observations about students’ progress as they go about a certain project (Black and William 2003). Wrksheets can be used by the teacher in the form of homework to assess areas in the students’ learning that need modifications (Tuttle 2009). Pp quizzes can be used as formative assessments to gauge the level at which students comprehend a certain concept. Rflective journals are also ideal for use as tools of formative assessments as they be used gauge what pupils think about a topic and how well they comprehend. ..
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