(Kristin, 1081-83) It is important to emphasize that we cannot know if these figures reflect parents' true preferences or the limited availability and affordability of different child care options. All research suggests that there is an extreme shortage of childcare in general, and it is likely that parents are not always able to find the arrangement they prefer. For example, a study of 846 male and female workers conducted by the Public Agenda Foundation in 1983 found that the most desirable kind of child care for working parents was a company-sponsored on-site center. Half of the parents and nearly two-thirds of the mothers saw this form as an excellent solution to their childcare problems (Zigler, 68-74). Thus, it is not surprising that it appears that college educated, middle class, and professional women are more likely to use child care centers and private babysitters since they can afford them, while less educated and lower income women use relatives and neighbors (Zigler, 68-74). But what must be emphasized is that, in actuality, most parents do not employ a single type of child care arrangement. On the contrary, most of them use a combination of resources, so that impermanence, flexibility, and fluctuation characterize most arrangements, especially when children are very young (Lamb, 195-202). The Daycare Facilities Availing Duration.
Bowlby, J. & Fry, Margery (2000) Child Care & the Growth of Love: London: Pelican. 109-12
Coontz, Stephanie _The Way We Really Are: Coming to Terms with Americas Changing Families (NY: Basic Books, 2002) 140-46
Kristin Droege and Carollee Howes: Child Care in the United States and Industrialized Nations; Pediatrics 2004; 94: 1081-1083.
Lamb, Michael, Ed. Child Care in Context: Cross-Cultural Perspective on Child Care (2001) 195-202
Zigler Edward F., and Edmund W. Gordon, eds. 2002; Day care: Scientific and social policy issues. Boston: Auburn House. 68-74
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