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Pathology in Thyroid, Female Pelvis and in Male Testicular Essay Example

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Pathology in Thyroid, Female Pelvis and in Male Testicular

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Pathology in Thyroid, Female Pelvis and in Male Testicular. Production of insufficient hormone, on the other hand, leads to a condition known as hypothyroidism. Although the conditions are uncomfortable and unpleasant, if well diagnosed, thyroid disorders can easily be treated and managed. The hyperthyroidism condition occurs because of a number of factors. These are the Graves ’ disease, the toxic adenomas, the sebacute thyroiditis and the malfunctioning pituitary gland or the cancerous thyroid gland growth. The Graves ’ disease is characterized by over production of excess thyroid hormone while for the toxic adenomas, thyroid glands develop nodules that produce thyroid hormones, therefore, upsetting the chemical composition of the body. The subacute thyroiditis causes thyroid inflammation making them leak the extra hormone.

This leads temporarily to hyperthyroidism that last for few months. On the contrary, the hyperthyroidism condition is caused by Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. In this autoimmune disorder, the thyroid tissues are attacked by the body making it die and eventually stop producing the hormone. Secondly, the thyroid glands removal may cause hyperthyroidism. This arises when it is surgically removed or destroyed chemically. Thirdly, using lithium drug, as well as, excessive exposure to iodine also causes hyperthyroidism. Sinus and cold medicine, the amiodarone or contrast dye that is given before x-ray can expose one to iodine. Hypothyroidism is dangerous to infants and newborns. Lacking the hormone during early ages leads to dwarfism and mental retardation in infants (Yener, Ilter & Mid, 2011).The thyroid being the core controller of metabolism, its malfunctioning affects all aspects of an individual health. In particular, this includes depression, weight and levels of energy. If undiagnosed, thyroid gland disorders increase other risks. These include anxiety, infertility, obesity, depression, hair loss, heart diseases, sexual disfunctioning and a host of health symptoms. Signs and symptoms of thyroid disorders include the Tendonitis problem or joint and muscle pains, skin or hair changes, neck enlargement, bowel problems, fertility disorders and irregularities in the menstrual. The hypothyroidism or the hyperthyroidism can be diagnosed by conducting a test on thyroid hormone level in the blood. This will involve measuring thyroxin hormone produced by thyroid glands, as well as levels of thyroid stimulating hormone which is produced by pituitary glands. Pathology in Thyroid, Female Pelvis and in Male Testicular.

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Reference

Hayes, L., Brandon; N. & Craig R. ( 2009). Testicular Cancer: A Prototypic Tumor of Young Adults. Seminars in oncology 36 (5): 432–438

Yener, N. Ilter, E. Mid, A. (2011). Xanthogranuloamatous saflpingitis a rare pathologic aspect of chronic active pelvic inflammatory diseases. Indian J Pathol Microbio 441(1);54:141-3

William, M. (1994). Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Eng J Med 330(1): 115-119

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