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Passage to Modernity Dupre

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Leon Battista Alberti “exhorts the artist to emulate nature rather than to copy her” (p. Trough the mind, te artists are challenged to achieve perfection and higher beauty of an imperfect nature. Lonardo was specially inclined to think of the human mind (“il modello del mondo” as he proclaimed it), a a powerful creator. I the emergence of modernity, cemistry played an important role towards the scientific revolution. Achemy is frequently forgotten when we talk about the breakthroughs of science that changed our perception of the world. Achemists believed the harmony between the individual and the cosmos.

“t the basis of the alchemical enterprise is the concept of a microcosmos perfectly tuned to the macrocosmos of nature”. Te notion that we are should interfere with natural processes in order to achieve harmony transforms the perception of nature. “ather than serving as nature’s assistant, te person now becomes its controller. Tere was a thorough rejection to the idea that the stars controlled man, tat we were passively submitting to matter. Nvertheless, te interest in astrology was not completely eliminated; as it happened with alchemy, tey became less appealing at the face of new physical theories that rationally explained the universe.

A the author explains, “hen theology ceased to guarantee that meaning and value would be given with the world, i fell upon the mind to define or invent them” (p. Tis lies at the core of humanism and the modern era. Rason as the source for explanations, mn at the center of the universe. Cusanos and Bruno’s theories, a discussed by the author, pesent first, te notion immanence of God, te infiniteness of the universe, ad thus developed interesting ideas about the planetary movements and the rejection of a fixed center and of the word soul.

O the other hand, Buno expands the notion of infinite, qestioning if there is a need for even considering the possibility of a finite universe –that is a universe constrained by space and time-, bcause a perfect God according to him “must reveal himself in an infinite number of worlds. I Bruno’s thoughts, les the idea of a certain divinity matter.

Nture again, ws seen to have creative powers. Tis “Noncreacionist pantheism”, a referred to by the...

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