Authoritative managers are characteristic for control cultures with their order, pedictability and conservatism and participative managers often can be found in the companies with collaboration culture that treasure the quality of relationships and aim to build highly cohesive teams with hight participation in running the company. Frecasting a manager’s effectiveness is much more difficult than e. dtermining personal traits that are the most characteristic for the leaders. Stuational factors were eventually taken into consideration – and that is how situational theories of management occurred. Te connection between management style and effectiveness of the manager presupposed that certain style a is suitable in certain situations x, wereas the style b is suitable in the situations y.
Oe of the most widely used and consistent approaches to the issue of management style is the “path-goal theory” developed by Robert House – this is the situational model of management whose essence is in the presupposition that the manager should help his subordinates in achieving their goals and ensure support or/and control necessary to correlate these goals with the goals of company.
Huse also determined four models of manager’s behaviour, to of them being authoritative (directive) leader and participative leader. (ath-Goal theory 2009, n)Authoritative leader, i accordance with House’s theory, mkes sure that the subordinates understand what is expected from them, ad gives to them directions and recommentations concerning how to fo their work and how to plan it. Prticipative leader advises with his subordinates on all issues and takes into account their opinions while taking decisions. Huse’s “path-goal” theory includes the thesis that managers can be flexible, ad and same leader can demonstrate any of the four behaviour models in different situations.
Athoritative management should be preferred when the tasks set to the employees are dubious and the deadlines ae tense, wereas it would not be appropriate if people are highly gifted and have long-term experience of work in the field. Athoritative management is also good in case there is a conflict within the team. Oe of the criteria according to which management styles are differentiated is participation of subordinates in management of the company. Tree styles have singled out by the researchers: athoritative (when. ..
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