The government also concentrated focus on preserving the interests of landowners, bankers, and industrialist. The 1949 revolution by the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong targeted to change the situation and address the interests of the poor peasants.The twin goals of transforming the fundamental social relationship and land reforms had to complement to be effective during the revolution. Social transformation during the revolution targeted leveraging of economic and social conditions to enable every Chinese to enjoy prosperity of the country. According to Snow (1968), to fight the hunger caused by famine that largely affected the peasants in the rural areas of the North and Northwest China, it was important to disrupt the current social structures to liberate landownership from the rich. The wealthy population was small but claimed ownership over big parcels of land. The revolution managed to end the dominance of this small group of powerful and wealthy group. In the plan, the Communist Party organized the Red Army that worked with the people on the ground. The Army facilitated redistribution and re-division of land among the poor, and the rich peasants and landlords. In some instances, the division saw the poor people receive productive lands as the initially rich landlords receive parts of the poor agricultural lands. The purpose of redistribution was not to equalize landownership, but to ensure that every family had enough land to support decent livelihood.In the large industrialized cities, the Red Army took over the factories given by the foreign investors through concessions. The strategy and purpose of taking over the factories and transforming into community assets was to ensure equalization among the peasants. The inhabitants of the northern parts had to live under equal conditions (Chen, 1980). The Communist Party also accepted the assistances from Russia. The Soviet Union offered to assist in the industrialization by providing tools and financing establishments to support the process of establishing communally managed factories and businesses.To abolish the custom of tax exhortations by the government and the wealthy population, the Red Army had to mobilize the peasant community into accepting breaking of the social stratification that saw many wealthy people fail to pay land taxes to signify power (Snow, 1968). Transforming this kind
Chen, Y. (1980). The Dragons Village. New York: Pantheon Books.
Harrison, H. (2005). The man awakened from dreams: One mans life in a north China village, 1857-1942. Stanford, Calif: Stanford Univ. Press.
Snow, E. (1968). Red star over China. New York: Groove Press.
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