The government also concentrated focus on preserving the interests of landowners, bnkers, ad industrialist. Te 1949 revolution by the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong targeted to change the situation and address the interests of the poor peasants. Te twin goals of transforming the fundamental social relationship and land reforms had to complement to be effective during the revolution. Scial transformation during the revolution targeted leveraging of economic and social conditions to enable every Chinese to enjoy prosperity of the country. Acording to Snow (1968), t fight the by famine that largely affected the peasants in the rural areas of the North and Northwest China, i was important to disrupt the current social structures to liberate landownership from the rich.
Te wealthy population was small but claimed ownership over big parcels of land. Te revolution managed to end the dominance of this small group of powerful and wealthy group. I the plan, te Communist Party organized the Red Army that worked with the people on the ground. Te Army facilitated redistribution and re-division of land among the the rich peasants and landlords.
I some instances, te division saw the poor people receive productive lands as the initially rich landlords receive parts of the poor agricultural lands. Te purpose of redistribution was not to equalize landownership, bt to ensure that every family had enough land to support decent livelihood. I the large industrialized cities, te Red Army took over the factories given by the foreign investors through concessions. Te strategy and purpose of taking over the factories and transforming into community assets was to ensure equalization the Te inhabitants of the northern parts had to live under equal conditions (Chen, 1980).
Te Communist Party also accepted the assistances from Russia. Te Soviet Union offered to assist in the industrialization by providing tools and financing establishments to support the process of establishing communally managed factories and businesses. T abolish the custom of tax exhortations by the government and the wealthy population, te Red Army had to mobilize the peasant community into accepting breaking of the social stratification that saw many wealthy people fail to pay taxes to power (Snow, 1968).
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