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The Growth of Globalization

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Political developments are widely affected by globalization as the importance of the state decreases. The development of supra-state and sub-state institutions like the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the European Union (EU), the International Criminal Court, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank (WB) and others mean that modern states are subservient to these institutions for policy guidelines. This limits the effective sovereignty of the modern state. (Scholte, 2005) This phenomenon is far more noticeable in developing nations than developed nations as most developing nations are forced to look lenders to run their economies.

Lenders often dictate economic policy and focus which may not be in line with the developing nation’ s best interests. Moreover, there are widespread allegations that international institutions play a large part in deciding the fate of local political developments such as election outcomes, the formation of governments etc. (Pologeorgis, 2010)A survey puts the total number of speakers of Mandarin at 845 million people, for Spanish at 329 million speakers and for English at 328 million speakers. (Colls, 2009) Given these figures, English is still most dominating language within the global arena and is considered by some to be the lingua franca of globalization.

To put things into perspective, around 35% of all cables, telexes, and email are sent in English and around 40% of the entire world’ s radio programmes are delivered in English. Moreover, English is considered to be the most dominant language in cyberspace. (O'Neil, 2011)This means that developing nations have to adopt English as a medium of instructions in schools to ensure that the educated masses are familiar with English. Often spending is already low and the requirement to teach children in two different mediums (the native language and English) places more strain on social spending.

Moreover English has displaced some smaller dialects in developing nations as the relevance of these local dialects to the global economy waned.

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