Then, he published his observations and experiments in a book entitled “Observations around the Bosporus Strait or True Canal of Constantinople, Presented in a letter to Her Sacred Royal Majesty Queen Christina of Sweden”, originally written in Italian in 1681. This marked the history of Oceanography wherein the Black Sea and the Bosporus Strait played an important place (Soffientino & Pilson, 2005). Therefore, in conclusion, Marsigli considered two equally important foundations that made his place in initiating oceanography. These are: “his conceptual preparation toward explaining what he would eventually see, and the unique and easily accessible features of the Bosporus region”(p.National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), admits that prior to satellite data, knowledge and information about the oceans had come from sporadic measurements collected from ships, floats, and drifters, gathered in a relatively small area in the oceans. The data and information collected are not sufficient to describe the conditions of the diversity of oceans. Therefore, launching ocean-observing satellites brought us into a new era of marine discovery. Global mapping of seasonal changes in ocean surface topography, currents, waves, winds, phytoplankton content, sea-ice extent, rainfall, sunlight, and sea surface temperature are all become possible due to remotely sensed satellite data and modeling techniques. . Description of Oceanography Science.
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