The person feels basically fine in his stage but starvation is becoming quite common in the second stage.The third stage occurs when the patient starts to starve himself. He starts wearing warmer clothes as starvation leads to cold. The patient also displays many other emotions as a direct result of starvation. These include depression, anxiety, paranoia, irritability, insomnia and exhaustion.It is difficult for immediate friends and families to ignore Anorexia Nervosa. The symptoms appear on the body and eating habits of the patient. A patient suffering from Anorexia follows a strict diet even though he does not weigh much. Such people also lie about their eating habits; claiming to have eaten food before. Patients are preoccupied with food generally. They constantly think about the food, the calories in eat food, diet plans etc. The appearance of the patient is also an indicator of the disease. Patients usually lose weight dramatically. Even though they have considerable weight, they still feel fat. They are obsessed with their weight and spend time in the mirror checking out their bodies. There also some symptoms that may not be visible to everyone. Anorexic patients follow a punishing exercise regime. They are prone to vomiting after each meal time and disappear in the bathroom to prevent others from knowing.Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa occurs in three steps. These include attaining a healthy weight, eating more food and changing the general attitude of the patient towards food and body image. At times medical treatment is required when the patient needs to be hospitalized. Other than that nutritional treatment and counseling are the main treatment process. A nutritionist would help the patient in developing the right diet plan according to his body weight and structure. Counseling is important to remove the patient’s attitude about good and to include a positive attitude in the patient.Current research on the topic is focused on uncovering the effects of medications to treat anorexia. For this, antidepressants have been found to be effective. Also the biological cause of the disease is being studied using brain scans of females suffering from the disease.Bulimia nervosa is another eating disorder where the patient is often found to be indulged in binge eating. This refers to consuming large amounts of food within a short time frame. Such patients are struck by guilt after a bout of
Edelstein, Sari and Sharlin, Judith, Life Cycle Nutrition: an Evidence-Based Approach, NY: Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2010.
Shepphird, Sari, 100 Questions & Answers About Anorexia Nervosa, NY: Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2009
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