One group of scientists proposed that there was some kind of ‘vital force’ acting within them that accounted for this distinction while others argued that living things were reducible to physical and chemical laws. Teir theory was called the ‘mechanistic’ theory. Te advocates of the ‘vital force’ theory declared that certain aspects of living organisms could not be explained with science and in fact science should not even attempt to meddle with the study of life. Erly Greek thinkers, Hppocratus, Glen etc held the view that the body soul were inseparable.
Rne Descartes in early seventeenth century brought in the duality of the mind (soul) and body. This settled an issue that the scientifically inclined were facing vis a vis the Christian Church which decreed that scientific study of the human body was against the will of God. Nw the body was a separate entity, sientists could study it as long as they kept the soul out of their reckoning. Fr obvious reasons the human body, prticularly mortality fascinated man the most. Different cultures developed different philosophies happens to man after he dies.
Te ancient Egyptians made elaborate arrangements for the supposed ‘afterlife’ of the deceased (we got the fantastic monuments as a fallout). The Hindus burnt their dead at the funeral pyre with great many rituals. Meanwhile human anatomy was being studied overtly and sometimes surreptitiously since most religions frowned upon scientists as since they seemed to challenge the authority of the scripts. In late 16th century, Adreas Vesalius published a book named On the Fabric of the Human Body where he attempted to vessels, and muscles of the human body.
Te drawings were by no means perfect but it was a clear step in making accurate observation. B this time Scientific investigation had come to be, wat we know it as, asystematic body of study that uses extensive observation and experimentation. Hwever the limiting factor in our sense perception, i our inability to perceive things too large or too small, oten slowed the progress of science. Invention of more sophisticated tools to make better observation, masurements as well as carry out complex experiments more than once hastened the pace.
Glileo had discovered that by using a pair of lenses of the correct focal length small objects could be magnified. ...
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