The idea of novelty or innovativeness of functional foods is a recent development in food production, and has extended to all activities of the supply chain including packaging. Nowadays, novel and innovative packaging of functional foods has enhanced the development of healthier and safer food foe consumers.The need for functional food in the industry has been occasioned by the increasing awareness of consumers regarding the nutritional unbalances in their traditional diets. This has also led to an increasing desire by modern consumers on value-added food.One of the novel and innovative food packaging approaches is the bioactive packaging. This is a novel conception approach of producing functional foods (Lopez-Rubio et al, 2006). Bioactive packaging involves giving a food package unique role of promoting food impact on the health of the consumer. Some of the novel technologies involved in bioactive packaging includes enzyme encapsulation, nanoencapsulation, immobilization, and integration technologies. These technologies develop the best properties of biopolymers.Some of the challenges of functional food production include loss of food functionality during processing, incompatibility of functional substances with food matrix, development of undesirable flavours, and modification of texture of food. These challenges have led to the increased need for the stability of bioactive components. New technologies such as micro- and nanoencapsulation improve the performance of functional food (Chen et al, 2006).Lopez-Rubio et al (2006) claim that bioactive packaging materials withhold bioactive principles in optimum conditions until the food products are finally released, either for consumption or for storage. The main aim of this novel and innovative packaging technology is to overcome the barriers and challenges experienced in manufacturing functional foods. The difference between innovative bioactive food packaging and active packaging is that active packaging is concerned with maintaining and improving quality and shelf life of packaged foods while bioactive packaging is concerned with maintenance and improvement of consumer’s health through the development of healthier food through novel packaging.Technology is an important element in food packaging and supply chain. One of the key elements in enhanced innovative functional packaging is the production of safe and quality food. Traditional packaging which involves
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Appendix 1: Technical Work Packages of NAFISPACK’s food packaging
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