If we belong to a group, we assume an obligation to act according to the expectations of other members of that group” (Henslin 2011, p. A social institution like religion is a more formal form of a group and hence they “shape our behavior” more deeply (Henslin 2011, p. The basic needs that religion fulfills for a group having faith in it include an assurance about “life after death”, “the meaning of suffering and loss [and the] desire to connect with the creator” (Henslin 2011, p. But it is the distinct rituals, beliefs, texts etc. that are associated with a religion that gives space to the exclusion of other groups for a religion (Henslin 2011, p.The prominent characteristic of a group is that it “exist[s] only in relation to other groups” (Henderson and Waterstone 2008, p. The existence and formation of a group is a process of inclusion and exclusion and can be described as given below:A group may be identified by outsiders without those so identified having any specific consciousness of themselves as a group. Sometimes a group comes to exist only because one group excludes and labels a category of persons, and those labeled come to understand themselves as group members only slowly, on the basis of their shared oppression (Henderson and Waterstone 2008, p.Only recently had Norway become a migration destination. Muslims had started migrating to Norway from several Muslim majority countries. Norway - Culture Crisis and Islamophobia.
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