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Norway - Culture Crisis and Islamophobia Essay Example

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Norway - Culture Crisis and Islamophobia

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Norway - Culture Crisis and Islamophobia. Another aspect of culture has been that it leads us to “ethnocentrism, a tendency to use our own group’s ways as a yardstick for judging others” (Henslin 2011, p. Here it has to be remembered that, “a group consists of people who regularly interact with one another [and] ordinarily the members of a group share similar values, norms and expectations” (Henslin 2011, p.The influence of a group on an individual actually refers to the influence of the culture of that group and this gets manifested in many ways. The influence of group on individual is such that “all of us learn that the ways of our own group are good, right, proper, and even superior to other ways of life” (Henslin 2011, p. This is why it is observed, “groups to which we belong are powerful forces in our lives” and it is also pointed out that “to belong to a group is to yield to others the right to make certain decisions about your behavior.

If we belong to a group, we assume an obligation to act according to the expectations of other members of that group” (Henslin 2011, p. A social institution like religion is a more formal form of a group and hence they “shape our behavior” more deeply (Henslin 2011, p. The basic needs that religion fulfills for a group having faith in it include an assurance about “life after death”, “the meaning of suffering and loss [and the] desire to connect with the creator” (Henslin 2011, p. But it is the distinct rituals, beliefs, texts etc. that are associated with a religion that gives space to the exclusion of other groups for a religion (Henslin 2011, p.The prominent characteristic of a group is that it “exist[s] only in relation to other groups” (Henderson and Waterstone 2008, p. The existence and formation of a group is a process of inclusion and exclusion and can be described as given below:A group may be identified by outsiders without those so identified having any specific consciousness of themselves as a group. Sometimes a group comes to exist only because one group excludes and labels a category of persons, and those labeled come to understand themselves as group members only slowly, on the basis of their shared oppression (Henderson and Waterstone 2008, p.Only recently had Norway become a migration destination. Muslims had started migrating to Norway from several Muslim majority countries. Norway - Culture Crisis and Islamophobia.

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References

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Henslin, J M. 2011, Sociology : a down-to-earth approach / James M. Henslin, Adam

Possamai, Alphia Possamai-Inesedy, Pearson, Australia.

Jacobsen, C.M. and Leirvik, O., 2009, ‘Norway’, In Nielsen, J.S., Akgonul, S., Alibasic,

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Koninklijke Brill, NV, Leiden.

Naguib, S. 2002. ‘The northern way: Muslim communities in Norway’, In Muslim

minorities in the west: visible and invisible, Haddad, Y.Y. and Smith J.I., Rowman

Altamira, Lanham.

O’Leary, M.H. 2010, Culture and customs of Norway, ABC-CLIO, California.

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Routledge, London.

Ramberg, I. 2004, Islamophobia and its consequences on young people, Directorate of

Youth and Sport of The Council of Europe, Hungary.

Spaaij, R 2012, Understanding lone wolf terrorism: global patterns, motivations and

prevention, Springer, Berlin.

Wikan, U. 2002, Generous betrayal: politics of culture in the New Europe, University of

Chicago Press, Chicago.

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