Divya revealed that Dinner also happens to be the most elaborate meal comprising of rice, different types of Indian bread (like chapatti, naan), lentils (called ‘ dal’ in Hindi), curry, mixed vegetable (called ‘ sabzi’ ), and yogurt. Divya stated that Basmati rice, a type of white rice, and Indian bread tend to be the staples in North Indian cuisine. She also stated that spices constitute an essential ingredient in Indian food. Many spices like turmeric are commonly used in North Indian cuisine (Albala, 2011, p. Divya also mentioned that these spices been found to have antioxidant properties, and thus are beneficial for health.
Additionally, North Indian cuisine includes an array of comfort foods and many types of sweets and desserts like barfi (Indian fudge), and gulab jamun (an Indian doughnut) (Albala, 2011, p. There are also savory comfort foods like samosas, which are essentially fried dough pouches filled with potatoes and vegetables (Albala, 2011, p. Indian sweets and desserts, which are sugary and mushy, are almost always made for Hindu weddings and festivals like Diwali (which is the Hindu New Indians also offer sweets to their deities during the special Hindu prayers.
Indian food culture overall is actually is very diverse throughout the country. As per Divya, while Indian cuisine could be divided into two broad categories: North Indian and South Indian foods, several North Indian states also have their own special cuisines. For example, there is ‘ Punjabi’ food from the state of Punjab and ‘ Gujrati’ food from the state of Gujarat. In the coastal areas of India, fish and other seafood are commonly consumed. However, being landlocked, North do not have easy access to fish.
In South India dosas (Indian crepes) are primarily consumed. Coconuts, however, have significant importance throughout the country as they are used in the prayers and ceremonies of Hindus. Divya mentioned that most Indians follow the Hindu religion. She told me that the Hindu religion is not very restrictive with regards to practices.
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