They hunted and snared game large and small, fom deer and antelope to grasshoppers and birds, gthered wild seeds and fruits, ad made some use out of nearly every object within their horizon” (Brandon, 2003: 395). The reason these peoples spread in the way they did is the subject of much study, bt requires some basic knowledge of the people themselves. Te tribes of the Great Basin are grouped together not only by their geographic locations, bt also by their language group, wich is basically Shoshone, aso referred Numic.
Most of the people associated with these tribes are also physically characteristically Shoshone, “hort-legged and dark skinned” (Brandon, 2003: 395). Shoshone tribes that have been identified as having taken long-term residence in these regions include the Gosiute and the Rocky Mountain Shoshone such as the Comanche. Of these tribes, tere were wide differences in style of living as the former remained incredibly poor while the latter lived lavish lifestyles that made much of the richness of their lands. Those who fall under the Shoshone umbrella were not the who inhabited the Great Basin region, hwever.
Other tribes sharing the Shoshone characteristics living in this region included the Utes, wo ranged throughout Utah and into the Colorado Rockies, ad the Paiute, wo lived primarily in Nevada and along its borders. Tere were also tribes who did not fit within the Shoshone tribal language systems, bt who shared some of the characteristics of the Basin tribes. These included the Washo in the Reno / Lake Tahoe region, te Klamaths and the Modocs, wo made their livings along the / border.
These latter two tribes were especially known for their fierce, wrlike tendencies (Brandon, 2003: 396). Some of these tribes were the remnants of earlier hunter tribes that lived primarily by hunting whatever big game could be had at the fringes of the basin region. “Abundant milling equipment dating back to 9000 B. idicates that by then people were shifting away from big game hunting, dpending more and more on wild plants for food. People of that period left behind other evidence of their way of life; digging sticks, and basketry” (Garbarino, 1985: 203).
In addition, i is believed limited resources forced these tribes to adopt other survival skills in order to live deeper in the desert regions. B studying the descendents. ..
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